Phoneme frequency

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The frequency of phonemes in Toki Pona is equivalent to letter frequency in sitelen Lasina and other phonemic writing systems. There have been several analyses of these statistics.

According to Marek Blahuš, Toki Pona's vowel distribution is similar to other languages', while for the consonants, /l/ is unusually frequent, and /t/ unusually infrequent.[1] This may be influenced by the ubiquity of the particle li,[a] and the palatalization of the disallowed syllable *ti to si.

/X/ Frequency
j. Jakopo (≤2005)[2] increpare (2019)[3]
/a/ 0.172% 78489
/e/ 0.074% 38048
/i/ 0.148% 76698
/j/ 0.030% 7173
/k/ 0.051% 23231
/l/ 0.102% 48078
/m/ 0.044% 28147
/n/ 0.116% 55747
/o/ 0.077% 41835
/p/ 0.037% 23403
/s/ 0.041% 20699
/t/ 0.046% 25683
/u/ 0.032% 13249
/w/ 0.028% 10225

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. In all declarative and interrogative sentences with compound and third-person subjects

References[edit | edit source]

English Wikipedia has an article on
Toki Pona phoneme distribution.
English Wikipedia has an article on
letter frequency.
  1. Blahuš, Marek. "Toki Pona – eine minimalistische Plansprache" [Toki Pona – a minimalist planned language] (in German). Interlinguistische Informationen. Retrieved 11 May 2024.
  2. Henry, Jim, III. "lipu pi toki pona pi jan Jakopo" (in Toki Pona). Personal web pages. Bellsouth. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2024.
  3. [increpare]. (4 December 2019). "toki pona letter/syllable/word frequency statistics based on #toki-pona-taso on the ma pona pi toki pona discord server". GitHub. Retrieved 11 May 2024.