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    monsutatesu is an analysis of Toki Pona. It posits that some content words are auto-antonyms when used as verbs. The word is a tokiponization of "monsuta test"; sina monsuta e mi can be interpreted as "you scare me" or "you fear me".

    Causes[edit | edit source]

    Some cases of monsutatesu are from using a word in a different part of speech, then adapting that meaning back into the original part of speech.

    For example, pu defines moku as a verb meaning "to eat". When used as a noun, it is interpreted as something that is eaten: "food". If this noun sense is used as a verb, it means "to be food", with the inverse relation of its definition.
    Compare mi moku e ona ("I eat it"), mi moku ona ("I am its food.").

    Words analyzed under monsutatesu[edit | edit source]

    In the following table, E stands for the direct object of a transitive verb. Senses without E are intransitive.

    nimi Meaning Noted by
    Subject as agent Subject as patient or other
    monsuta to be scary; to scare E to be afraid; to fear E janKipo[1][2]
    mama to be a parent; to nurture E to make E a parent jan Likipi[3][2]
    lawa to be a head; to control E to put in charge; to make E a head A mpptp member[2]
    kalama to play; to make E make sound to sound; to make the sound E
    moku to consume (E) to give fuel; to feed E
    to be fuel[a] jan Misali[4]
    musi to be fun; to entertain E to have fun; to enjoy E jan Kekan San[5]
    1. Fails monsutatesu as a transitive verb

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. janKipo. "Re: monsuta moli". Toki Pona Forums. October 4, 2010.
      Does 'monsuta' as vt mean "be afraid of", as here, or "frighten"? The latter seems more reasonable somehow.
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 kala pona Tonyu. "monsutatesu". lipu kule, tenpo mun nanpa wan, 2021.
    3. On the toki uta voice channel in ma pona pi toki pona, then discussed in the #sona-musi text channel
    4. jan Misali. "Day One: Reading and Whatnot" (2:28–2:42), 12 Days of sona pi toki pona. YouTube. December 13, 2015.
    5. jan Kekan San. Monsutatesu isn’t special (scrap). mun! (