moku

From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
moku in sitelen pona
moku in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈmo.ku/
Usage 2023: Core (100% → )2022: Core (100%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤶 U+F1936

moku is a core content word relating to consumption and fuel.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word moku is derived from Japanese モグモグ (mogumogu), an onomatopoeic word meaning "chewing".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of moku includes consumption or ingestion, as in eating or drinking. It includes food itself and the state of being edible.

mi moku e kili

mi moku e kili.

I eat a fruit.

kili li moku

kili li moku.

Fruits are food.
Fruits are edible

The word moku implies the presence of a type of fuel or similar resource by analogy. For example, breathing and injections are considering a type of consumption.[2][3] Metaphorically, learning may be expressed metaphorically as "to consume knowledge". Often, moku also implies the depletion of said fuel, similarly to how English frames corrosion and erosion as "eating away at" or "eating through" something.

seli li moku e kasi

seli li moku e kasi.

Fire "eats up" wood.

mi moku e tenpo sina

mi moku e tenpo sina.[4]

I wasted your time.

When used as an intransitive verb, moku may mean both "to consume" and "to be food". One strategy to combat ambiguity in this case is adding a direct object. However, according to the monsutatesu, this may be ambiguous in a different manner, as it could either refer to consuming or feeding something.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines moku as:

VERB  to eat, drink, consume, swallow, ingest

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as moku:[5]

food5, eat5, eating5, consume5, dining5, meal5, consumption5, swallow4, dinner3, nutrition3, drinking3, chew3, groceries3, absorb2, drink2, lunch2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

Visual aid for the word moku in the phrase soweli li moku e waso ("The cat eats the bird")

The sitelen pona glyph for moku (󱤶) is derived from a mouth radical above a hand radical, depicting a hand bringing food to the mouth. These may be drawn either separated (as in lipu pu) or connected.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

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See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. laso Alison [@withonel]. (3 January 2023). [Informal poll posted in the #sona-kulupu channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. "A nurse gives medicine to another person by intravenous route. Does the second person moku the medicine?".
    Are injections (given by a different person) included in the semantic space of moku?
    Option Votes
    Yes 48
    No 32
  3. laso Alison [@withonel]. (3 January 2023). [Informal poll posted in the #sona-kulupu channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. "If I give myself an injection, do I moku?".
    Are injections (given by oneself) included in the semantic space of moku?
    Option Votes
    Yes 52
    No 24
  4. jan Kekan San. (1 April 2024). "tomo pi walo loje" [The Pink House] (in Toki Pona). jan Kekan San [@gregdan3d]. YouTube. Retrieved 2 April 2024.
  5. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. pp. 286–287.

Further reading[edit | edit source]