Radicals

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In sitelen pona, a radical is a recurring graphical component across multiple glyphs.

The radical-based analysis was invented[citation needed…] after the initial set of glyphs was published in Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Some of these elements were clearly intended, such as the emitters initially representing pana-like concepts, the triangle shape representing colors, and the incorporation of luka (the hand radical) representing manual actions. Other proposed radicals may be coincidental or questionably meaningful, such as acknowledgments of shared glyph "etymologies". For example, markers of non-declarative sentences have been analyzed as having a punctuation stem radical, but perhaps it is more direct to say that these glyphs are each based on Latin punctuation.

The term is taken from radicals of Chinese characters, which dictionaries use to sort words. This comparison has been disputed. While there have been attempts to group sitelen pona glyphs by common features, there is no standard collation, and glyphs are most often sorted alphabetically by the words' sitelen Lasina spellings. Radicals are more often used for shape-based input methods, comparable to Cangjie. In addition, not every sitelen pona glyph is considered to contain a radical, and some have multiple that are considered with equal or unclear priority.

History[edit | edit source]

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In 2020, radicals were used as the basis of the Wakalito input method.

Table of radicals[edit | edit source]

Description Shape Examples
pu glyphs Other
Arrow ni ni nasin tan
Arrowhead li li e lili suli
Box (closed) lipu lipu sitelen sona pakala pu len ku ju lu nu su u
Box (open) poki poki anpa insa monsi open poka sinpin sewi
Circle (thing) ijo ijo kulupu toki pali kokosila
Circle (head) jan jo lape lawa mama mani meli mijemoli mu wawa lanpan
Cross ala ala en ma moli nanpa pimeja utala
Dot (location) 󱦜 anpa insa lon monsi poka sinpin mesosewi kipisi lanpan
Dot (disambiguator) seli uta
Dot (o-mouth) mu suwi olala
Dots (eyes) akesi lukin pipi soweli waso kala2 kijetesantakalu oko misa misa2 misa3 misa4 misa5 misa6 wasoweli jonke kikolo lokon matula opasan owe pipo poni silapa sisi sipije snoweli sowoli sutopatikuna waken
Emitters
󱤹‍🗧
kalamapanaselisinsonatoki
Hammer ilo ilo kepeken
Hand (flat) luka luka kepeken moku pali pana
Hand (pointing) sina mi sina ona
Heart pilin pilin olin wile melome mijomi
Mouth (closed) pona ponaike epiku
Mouth (open) uta kalama moku uta uta kuntu
Legs tawa kama tawa awen
Punctuation stem ! a o seme kin n wa je
Tally mark | wan tu mute nanpa
Triangle jelo kule laso loje pimeja walo
Wavy line linja linja kon telo jasima linluwi linluwi2