|Usage||2023: Core (100% ↗ )|
2022: Core (99%)
|Book and era||nimi pu|
|Part of speech||Number, content word|
Etymology[edit | edit source]
Semantic space[edit | edit source]
Content word[edit | edit source]
The semantic space of luka includes any and all parts of human upper limbs, such as the arms, elbows, hands and fingers; similarly to how noka can refer to legs or feet. As a transitive verb, it may refer to the act of interacting with something using said limbs, such as placing one's hand, hitting, petting, among other meanings.
When referring to non-human creatures, luka commonly has an anthropormized perspective of animal's bodies. Paws (for animals), wings (for birds), and tentacles (for octupuses or squids) are often referred to as luka. Less commonly, bird claws may be referred to as luka as birds use them to grab and hold objects.
In sign language, luka refers to an individual sign and the act of signing itself. In luka pona (and when transcribing it into toki pona), the word is used as an interjection for greetings, instead of toki.
Number[edit | edit source]
As a number, the word luka stands for five, the amount of fingers on a human hand. In the early days of Toki Pona, it was the highest-value number word, before mute and ale acquired that status. This led to the creation of the idiom jo e luka mute, meaning "to be complicated", as big numbers would have many repetitions of the word luka.
pu[edit | edit source]
NOUN arm, hand, tactile organ
ku[edit | edit source]
hand5, touch2, palm2 , handful2 , gesture2 , tap2 , reach2 , elbow2, arm4 , five4 , wrist3
sitelen pona[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
- jan Juwan [@juwan.]. (21 October 2023). [Informal poll posted in the
#sona-kulupuchannel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. "luka waso li seme?". Discord.
Option Votes It means "wing" 55 It means "claw" 6 Depends on context 47
- jan Sonja (21 May 2002). "Compounds". Toki Pona Forums. Retrieved 12 October 2023.
- jan Sonja [@sonjalang]. (16 November 2022). [Message posted in the
#sona-musichannel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. "luka was the highest number at the time, so big numbers were like luka luka luka luka luka luka luka wan[.] hence the idiom, ona li jo e luka mute, it is complicated". Discord. Retrieved 12 October 2023.
- Lang, Sonja (2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 275.