sitelen Anku

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sitelen Anku (시데렌 안구) is a writing system that adapts Hangul, the featural syllabic alphabet used to write Korean, to Toki Pona.

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Hangul uses a silent letter ieung (ㅇ) to represent a null initial consonant. A null final consonant[a] is unwritten, like in sitelen Lasina.

The letters used for p and t differ between specific sitelen Anku proposals. Some use the letters bieup (ㅂ) and digeut (ㄷ), which represent unaspirated /p t/ and are visually simplest, but which are romanized as ⟨b d⟩ to contrast them.[b] Others use pieup (ㅍ) and tieut (ㅌ), which represent aspirated /pʰ tʰ/, a distinction not made in Toki Pona, but which are romanized as ⟨p t⟩.

The semivowels j and w only occur within diphthongs in Korean, and so are written as part of the vowel letter.

sitelen Lasina m n p t k s l
sitelen Anku Unaspirated

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Transcription of the vowel e varies between proposals. Some use the letter e (ㅔ) for its pronunciation, /e/. Others use eo (ㅓ) for symmetry with the other vowel letters needed for Toki Pona, even though it is pronounced as a back vowel /ʌ/.

-i -e -a -o -u

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. In Toki Pona, this is equivalent to the lack of the coda nasal -n.
  2. English /p t/ are unvoiced and aspirated [pʰ tʰ], while /b d/ are voiced but unaspirated. Because Korean does not distinguish voicedness, the romanization uses these letters based on their associated aspiration.

Syllables[edit | edit source]

Hangul arranges all of the letters in each syllable into a block treated as its own character. The following table lists every phonotactically allowed Toki Pona syllable in sitelen Anku.

Null coda Coda nasal
-i -e -a -o -u -in -en -an -on -un
∅- 에, 어 엔, 언
m- 메, 머 멘, 먼
n- 네, 너 넨, 넌
p- 비, 피 베, 버, 페, 퍼 바, 파 보, 포 부, 푸 빈, 핀 벤, 번, 펜, 펀 반, 판 본, 폰 분, 폰
t- 데, 더, 테, 터 다, 타 도, 토 두, 투 덴, 던, 텐, 턴 단, 탄 돈, 톤 둔, 툰
k- 게, 거 겐, 건
s- 세, 서 센, 선
w- 웨, , 워 웬, 원
l- 레, 러 렌, 런
j- 예, 여 옌, 연

In sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

sitelen Anku appears within some sitelen pona glyphs for words created by the kulupu pi toki pona pi ma Anku community.

In the glyph for ako (ako), the first syllable of its source word, 이고 (aigo), is used as the character under the punctuation stem.

One glyph for lijokuku (lijokuku) is a square initialism of the syllable-initial jamo in realkk, ㄹㅇㅋㅋ.

External links[edit | edit source]