Visual aids

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Visual aids
image words description author
Describing the world around you:
objects Examples of what some words could mean in a physical context linja, lipu, palisa, supa, sinpin A bendy line, captioned "linja" and "long and flexible"; a sheet, captioned "lipu" and "flat"; a straight line, captioned "palisa" and "long and hard"; an even rectangular shape facing downwards, captioned "supa" and "horizontal surface"; an even rectangular shape facing forewards, captioned "sinpin" and "frontal-facing" jan Sa, with edits by tonsi Koko
bodyparts
lawa, linja, nena, uta, oko, kute, luka, insa, noka Cut-out of a young person in pyjamas with captions for different body parts Immanuel Giel
states telo, kon, ko, kiwen 4 panels: a waterdrop making ripples on a water surface, milk being transvased into a glass, a glass of apple juice next to an apple, captioned "telo" in Latin and sitelen pona; smoke and clouds in the sky, captioned "kon" in Latin and sitelen pona; a hand holding sand, soil, ketchup, honey, captioned "ko" in Latin and sitelen pona; pebbles, metal rods, truncated wood, captioned "kiwen" in Latin and sitelen pona lon Mona
soweliimg waso, pipi, soweli, kala, akesi, jan, kijetesantakalu Minimalist drawing of a bird (captioned "waso" in Latin and sitelen pona), a winged insect (captioned "pipi" in Latin and sitelen pona), a four-legged mammal(captioned "soweli" in Latin and sitelen pona), a fish (captioned "kala" in Latin and sitelen pona), a lizard (captioned "akesi" in Latin and sitelen pona), a stick figure (captioned "jan" in Latin and sitelen pona), a raccoon's face (captioned "kijetesantakalu" in Latin and sitelen pona) lon Mona
[1] waso, soweli, pipi, kiwen, kasi, akesi, ma, kijetesantakalu, kala, telo jan Tekinowi
For you and for me:
pronouns: mi, sina, ona mi, sina, ona mi: a person pointing to themselves; sina: a person pointing away from themselves to the viewer; ona: a person pointing away from themselves to another person Cuymacu
misinaonani mi, sina, ni, ona
ni (video) ni kije motan
kilini: kili, kili ni kili ni Cuymacu
sowelini soweli seme li soweli sina? - ni Cuymacu
niimg ni lon Mona
nivid ni kije motan
Actions:
janlipakala jan li pakala Cuymacu
onalimoku mi moku Cuymacu
mikama (video) kama Cuymacu
Time:
tenpoimage: tenpo, tenpo suno/tenpo pimeja tenpo, tenpo suno, tenpo pimeja Cuymacu
tenpoimg tenpo pini, tenpo ni/lon, tenpo kama jan Alise
tenpola tenpo pini la mi moku. tenpo ni la mi toki lon ilo sona. tenpo kama la mi lape. jan Alise
Directions:
poka poka, sinpin, anpa, monsi, sewi, insa Alejandro Rojo
pokaimg lon, monsi, insa, sinpin, anpa, poka, sewi, selo lon Mona
nokaanpa (Pretend this is a cube, viewed slightly from below) noka, anpa jan Ke Tami
Colors:
color - averaged results of jan Isite's poll on the left (pimeja and walo added on the right just to be complete, but are not based on polls) jelo, laso, loje, pimeja, walo jan Isite
kuleimg kule, loje, laso, jelo, pimeja, walo lon Mona
kuleimage kule, loje, pimeja, jelo, walo, laso Cuymacu
mix kili loje laso, kili pi loje laso from [2] and [3]
kulepi len loje jelo, len pi loje jelo akesi Radon
osonaekule walo, loje, jelo, laso, pimeja jan Lolenisen
osonaekule walo, lje, jelo, laso, pimeja li grunch
green ijo jelo. ijo laso
ijo laso. ijo jelo
ale sa
Quantities:
nanpaimg wan, tu, mute, luka, ale, ala lon Mona
/saʊndz/
syllables -
tpsyllables -
tpipa - moli Momo, on the basis of u/cai_lw's chart
Grammar
Particles
particle en, li, e lon Mona
pi
piimage Let's say you have an important blue rock.
kiwen laso suli

As you can see, "laso" and "suli" both describe "kiwen"

They are modifiers.

So, now we want to describe the blue as important. But how do you modify a modifier?

kiwen pi laso suli

"pi" has effectively created a new modifier!

So the meaning has changed. This is no longer an important blue rock, but a rock of an important shade of blue.

Heav
piexampleimg: ilo kalama suli, ilo pi kalama suli ilo kalama suli, ilo pi kalama suli Cuymacu
piimg telo soweli suli, telo pi soweli suli Cuymacu
imgpi ijo laso pona, ijo pi laso pona Heav
kulepi len loje jelo, len pi loje jelo akesi Radon
Preverbs
kamaimg kasi li lili. kasi li kama suli. kasi li suli. jan Apeto
mikamatomo
kamama mi kama tawa ma, mi kama e ma, mi kama ma
kamatomo mi kama tomo a stickfigure transforming into a house jan pi kulupu Nintento
Prepositions
tawae mi tawa tomo. mi tawa e tomo kala Asi
lone mi tawa tomo. mi tawa e tomo. mi tawa lon tomo. mi tomo tawa. mi lon tomo tawa. mi lon tomo. mi tomo. mi lon e tomo. mi lon. mi tawa. original by kala Asi, edited by jan Sensin, jan Umeja, nimi "lon ala weka nimi"
tawalon mi wile tawa tomo. mi wile tawa lon tomo. jan Kinsen anu akesoweli Pimeja
kepekene mi kepeken ilo, mi kepeken e ilo alasa Li
prepimg lon, tawa, tan, kepeken lon Mona
5preps sina lon ni. sina tan tomo open. sina tawa tomo pini. sina kepeken noka sina. sitelen ni li sama sina loje Posi
Vocabulary
sitelenpona
(all pu words) jan Sonja
ss, sitelen sitelen: letters,
word glyphs
syllables
(all pu words) Jonathan Gabel
sskusuli (all ku suli words) Jonathan Gabel, recompiled by jan lili Enta
realword: usage of all words vertically, usage dropoff 1, usage dropoff 2 (all Linku words?) kala Asi
nimiloje (nimi loje en nimi laso) (multiple words) kala Asi
aei akesi, Elena, ilo, jan, kala, luka, mani, nena, oko, pipi, suno, tomo, uta, waso u/Qam-al-Usu
akesi, Elena, ilo, jan, kala, luka, mani, nena, oko, pipi, suno, tomo, uta, waso jan Nikita (Nikita Ayzikovsky)
akesi, esun, ilo, jan, kala, luka, mani, nena, oko, pipi, suno, tomo, uta, waso jan Alonola
akesi, esun, ilo, jan, kala, luka, mani, nena, oko, pipi, suno, tomo, uta, waso Raxicorico
charting of words Coda_Phi

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]