Nonstandard number words

Caution: The subject of this article is nonstandard and will not be understood by most speakers.
If you are a learner, this information will not help you speak the language. It is recommended to familiarize yourself with the standard style, and to be informed and selective about which nonstandard styles you adopt.
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Toki Pona speakers have coined many nonstandard number words. Some are archaic words from early in Toki Pona's history; others are part of alternative number systems. As a result, this list does not form a coherent number system in itself.

Archaic words Edit

tuli Edit

Pronunciation /ˈtu.li/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Obscure (2% ↘︎ )  Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (4%)This word is deprecated.
Book and era nimi ku lili (pre-pu)
Part of speech Number, content word

tuli is an obscure early number word and nimi ku lili meaning 3. In the modern advanced counting system, it is equivalent to tu wan.[1] It is derived from English three.

In sitelen pona, tuli is usually written with the same glyph as san.

po Edit

Pronunciation /po/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Obscure (5% → )  Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (5%)This word is deprecated.
Book and era nimi ku lili (pre-pu)
Part of speech Number, content word

po is an obscure early number word and nimi ku lili meaning 4. In the modern advanced counting system, it is equivalent to tu tu.[2] It is derived from English four.

A sitelen pona glyph for po (po) is derived from the Western Arabic numeral 4.

 
The sitelen sitelen word glyph designed by jan Alonola

An experimental sitelen sitelen word glyph for po was designed by jan Alonola for a poem in lipu tenpo nanpa walo.[3] It is based on the word glyphs for wan (wan) and tu (tu). The standard way to write po in sitelen sitelen is with the syllable glyph for po (PO).

san Edit

Pronunciation /san/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Obscure (9% ↗︎ )  Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (7%)
Book and era nimi ku lili (post-pu)
Part of speech Number, content word

san is an obscure post-pu number word and nimi ku lili meaning 3. In the advanced counting system, it is equivalent to tu wan.[4] It is most likely derived from Japanese (Hepburn: san) or Cantonese (Jyutping: saam1), and was coined by jan Lenoka and jan Wesu in 2019.

A sitelen pona glyph for san (san) combines three mirrored wan glyphs (wan). The mirrored shapes disambiguate the glyph when located next to wan, tu (tu) or mute (mute). The same glyph is also used for the word tuli.

 
The sitelen sitelen word glyph designed by jan Alonola

An experimental sitelen sitelen word glyph for san was designed by jan Alonola for a poem in lipu tenpo nanpa walo.[5] It is based on the word glyphs for wan (wan) and tu (tu). The standard way to write san in sitelen sitelen is with the syllable glyph for san (SAN).

neja Edit

Pronunciation /ˈne.ja/ 🔊/j/ sounds like English Y, as in "fjord" or "hallelujah".
Usage 2023: Not notable (1% ↘︎ )  Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (2%)
Book and era nimi ku lili (post-pu)
Part of speech Number, content word

neja is an obscure post-pu number word and nimi ku lili meaning 4. In the advanced counting system, it is equivalent to tu tu.[6] It is derived from Finnish neljä, and was coined by jan inwin in 2019.

kulu Edit

Pronunciation /ˈku.lu/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Obscure (2% ↗︎ )  Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (1%)
Book and era No book (post-pu)
Part of speech Number, content word

kulu is an obscure abbreviation of kulupu. It is also used as a number word meaning 6, especially in base 6 number systems. In the advanced counting system, it is equivalent to luka wan. It was coined by jan Kiwa and jan inwin in 2017.

likujo Edit

Pronunciation /ˈli.ku.jo/ 🔊/j/ sounds like English Y, as in "fjord" or "hallelujah".
Usage 2023: Obscure (4% ↗︎ )  Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (3%)
Book and era nimi ku lili (post-pu)
Part of speech Number, content word

likujo is an obscure post-pu number word and nimi ku lili relating to collections and assortments of things, with a numeric sense of 7. In the advanced counting system, it is equivalent to luka tu.[7] It is derived from Acadian French recueil, meaning "compendium, anthology, collection", and was coined by jan Kawa and jan inwin in 2018.

A sitelen pona glyph for likujo (likujo) combines seven dots in a regular pattern.

jaku Edit

Pronunciation /ˈja.ku/ 🔊/j/ sounds like English Y, as in "fjord" or "hallelujah".
Usage 2023: Not notable (1% → )  Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (1%)
Book and era No book (post-pu)
Part of speech Number, content word

jaku is a marginal post-pu number word meaning "a hundred". In the advanced counting system, it is equivalent to ale. It is derived from Japanese (Hepburn: hyaku), and was coined in 2018 by jan Wesu.[8]

A sitelen pona glyph for jaku (jaku) is derived from the Roman numeral Ⅽ (100), with a serif on the top curve.

References Edit

  1. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 381.

    Data not found

  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 330.

    four½

  3. kulupu pi lipu tenpo (1 February 2022). lipu tenpo nanpa walo (in Toki Pona). lipu tenpo.
  4. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362.

    Data not found

  5. kulupu pi lipu tenpo (1 February 2022). lipu tenpo nanpa walo (in Toki Pona). lipu tenpo.
  6. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362.

    Data not found

  7. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362.

    seven½, gathering½, collection½

  8. jan Wesu. (9 June 2018). [Message posted in the #toki-pona channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. Retrieved 14 January 2024.

    Here are the basic numbers:

    0 - ala
    1 - wan
    2 - tu
    3 - san
    4 - jon
    5 - lu
    6 - sun
    7 - pen
    8 - no
    9 - wi
    10 - ten
    100 - jaku
    1,000 - mili
    1,000,000 - kika