From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
kulupu in sitelen pona
kulupu in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈku.lu.pu/
Usage 2023: Core (100% ↗︎ )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤟 U+F191F

kulupu is a content word relating to groups, collections, and sets.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word kulupu is derived from Tongan kulupu, itself from English group.[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of kulupu includes all kinds of groups, collections, and sets, especially those whose elements have something in common.

It can refer to groups of people such as societies, communities, nations, and organizations. This sense can also be specified with kulupu jan, if all of the members of the group are jan.

kulupu is also widely used to describe plural systems,[2][a] and many systems use it as a collective headnoun instead of jan (although members of such systems often individually use jan).

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines kulupu as:

NOUN  community, company, group, nation, society, tribe

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as kulupu:[3]

group5, organization5, community5, collective5, tribe5, squad4, tribal4, bunch4, cluster4, league4, collection4, society4, association4, crew4, team3, club3, coalition3, set3, socially3, gathering3, category3, institution3, gang3, assembly3, meeting3, pile3, network3, crowd3, ethnic2, bureau2, partnership2, social2, class2, array2, stack2, committee2, public2, affiliation2, combination2, sequence2, pack2, establishment2, conference2, franchise2, demographic2, company2, rally2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for kulupu (󱤟) is a group of three circle radicals (compare ijo) arranged in a triangle. Sometimes the word kulupu is modified by arranging three copies of the modifier's glyph into the triangular layout.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

The sitelen sitelen glyph for kulupu (kulupu) contains the ala radical (ala) and something similar to mute (mute) at the bottom. The exact origin of this glyph is unknown.

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Plurality refers to multiple consciousnesses (often called headmates or alters) sharing a body. While it includes dissociative identity disorder, not all plural systems are disordered. For more information, see morethanone.info.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary". lipamanka.gay.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. pp. 256–257.

Further reading[edit | edit source]