a basic toki pona sentence looks like this: X li Y (e Z)
- X is the main character of our sentence (also called the "subject"). it can be a person or an object or anything really. important is that we describe what X is or is doing.
- Y is the thing they are or are doing (also called the "predicate"). it can be an action—like working, playing, talking—or a description—like blue, good, tall—or a thing—like house, animal, food.
- Z is the thing that the action is done to (also called the "direct object"). it can also be basically anything. it is the receiver of the action Y performed by X
finally, whenever our main character, the subject X is exactly the word "mi" (and nothing else) or exactly the word "sina" (and nothing else), the separator li is dropped from the sentence.