sitelen Lasina

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sitelen Lasina is a common tokiponized name for the Latin alphabet, particularly as used to write Toki Pona. According to the 2022 Toki Pona census, it is by far the most commonly used writing system for Toki Pona, preferred by about 3 times as many people as the bespoke sitelen pona.[1]

Letters[edit | edit source]

A flat-design emoji-based version of the "AEI pi toki pona" alphabet chart, by Raxicorico

Toki Pona uses 14 letters. Consonants are pronounced as in the International Phonetic Alphabet.[a] For more about pronunciation, see Phonology.

j k l m n p s t w
[j] [k] [l] [m] [n] [p] [s] [t] [w]

Vowels can also be pronounced as in the IPA, but according to pu are ideally more centered, with /a/ being centralized and /e o/ being lowered to mid.

a e i o u
[ä] [e̞] [i] [o̞] [u]

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Original "AEI pi toki pona" alphabet chart by jan Nikita

sitelen Lasina has no official alphabetical order or letter names. In practice, the collation order of the ISO basic Latin alphabet (identical to that of the English alphabet) is often used to alphabetize lists in sitelen Lasina.

This may be influenced by the prevalence of "AEI pi toki pona" alphabet charts, which are common visual aids. The first alphabet chart for Toki Pona was created by jan Nikita (Nikita Ayzikovsky), possibly the third speaker of Toki Pona, in May 2002.[2] This chart has become well recognized as it was included in the pronunciation lesson from the course by Bryant Knight (jan Pije),[3] as well as other courses and on Wikipedia. It originally used the name Elena ("Greece") for the letter E, as there was not any content words starting with that letter until the word esun was created.

Capitalization[edit | edit source]

Capital letters are not used in any common words,[a] including at the beginning of a sentence. Thus, most text is completely lowercase. Capitalization is only found in names, and as names are proper adjectives that conventionally follow a common headnoun, sentences always start with lowercase letters.

Suli sitelen ni li ike.

Nonstandard capitalization

suli sitelen ni li pona.

Standard capitalization

Autocorrect may add unwanted capitalization that is nonstandard in sitelen Lasina. See Autocorrect § Dealing with automatic capitalization.

Punctuation[edit | edit source]

Under construction This section needs work. If you know about this topic, you can help us by editing it. (See all)

Punctuation in sitelen Lasina is undefined in the books Toki Pona: The Language of Good and Toki Pona Dictionary. The most common punctuation marks are the full stop (or period) and the colon as sentence separators, as well as the question mark, exclamation mark, and the comma, which are optional.

The question mark is generally limited to sentences that are grammatically marked as questions. The exclamation mark is more permissive. It is used for commands, exclamations, interjections, and generally in sentences with a and o, but sometimes to mark emphasis in sentences without a spoken a.

The comma is often used to disambiguate sentences by dividing them up,[4] or to make long sentences easier to read. It may be placed before or after the particle la, or not at all; in the Toki Pona Dictionary, jan Sonja calls this a "stylistic choice".[5]

Quotation marks are sometimes used to clarify quoted speech.

The hyphen is generally not used in sitelen Lasina, instead being used as a control character in ASCII transcription of sitelen pona, where it is not supposed to appear verbatim.

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Aside from some joke words, such as kalamARR, Pingo and yupekosi.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Results of the 2022 Toki Pona census - Writing systems
  2. jan Nikita. [Image]. Archived from the original 4 January 2003. Retrieved 28 January 2024.
  3. Bryant J. Knight. (22 February 2014). "Lesson 2: Pronunciation & the Alphabet". lipu pi jan Pije. [{{{archive-url}}} Archived] from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2024.
  4. jan Koko. (14 January 2024). [Message posted in the #sona-kulupu channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. Retrieved 3 February 2024. "how do you use commas in sitelen Lasina?".
    How do you use commas in sitelen Lasina?
    Option Votes
    (multiple choice)
    In place of period when the ideas are relevant 29
    In order to split up lengthy sentences 52
    In order to represent pause in speech 58
    In order to disambiguate sentences 16
    After addressing someone 78
    Before or after a 34
    Before or after a a a 20
    Before or after anu seme 18
    Before or after la 74
    Before or after taso 37
    I don't/try not to use commas 17
  5. Lang, Sonja (2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 9.