o

    From sona pona
    o in sitelen pona
    o in sitelen sitelen
    [[File:{{{image}}}|center|240x240px]]
    Usage 2023: Core (100% → )
    2022: Core (100%)
    Book and era nimi pu
    Part of speech Particle
    Codepoint 󱥄 U+F1944

    o is a particle in Toki Pona used to form optative, vocative, and imperative phrases and sentences.

    Uses of o[edit | edit source]

    Imperative[edit | edit source]

    o can be followed by a verb, in which case the sentence is interpreted as a command. The subject of the sentence is ommited.

    o kama!
    Come!
    o pakala ala e ijo mi!
    Do not break my things!

    Vocative[edit | edit source]

    o can follow a noun to show that the speaker is addressing that person, place, or thing. The vocative phrase can go either at the start or the end of a sentence.

    toki, jan ale o!
    Hi, everybody!
    soweli mi o, sina moku e lipu mi tan seme?
    Doggo, why did you eat my homework?

    Optative[edit | edit source]

    o can replace li to indicate that the speaker wishes or hopes for something, or believes that it's better for something to be the case. In many cases, it can be translated with "should" or with sentences starting with "may". In some cases it is used to express "must" or "have to", a meaning that is traditionally covered by wile.

    o can be used with mi and sina, in which case it comes immediately after the pronoun and before the predicate.

    mi o lape.
    I should sleep. (i.e. It would be better if I go to sleep)
    sijelo sina o kama pona.
    May your body become good/healthy. (i.e. I wish for your body to become healthy)
    I hope you get better!


    Optative constructions can also be used to combine imperative and vocative meanings into one sentence. For example, if you want to address someone called Moja and tell them to come, "jan Moja o kama" is more commonly used than "jan Moja o, o kama".

    External resources[edit | edit source]