Recommended words

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Learners are recommended to learn the nimi pu (words in Toki Pona: The Language of Good) and any other words categorized as "core" or "widespread" on Linku. These are the most widely understood words, and practicing expressing yourself with a limited set of words will provide familiarity with how Toki Pona works, such as the semantic space of each word, and how speakers use circumlocution when they need to explain concepts beyond these.

Word sitelen sitelen Toki Pona: The Language of Good definition
(corrected if applicable)
a a

PARTICLE  (emphasis, emotion or confirmation)

akesi akesi

NOUN  reptile, amphibian

ala ala

ADJECTIVE  no, not, zero

alasa alasa

VERB  to hunt, forage

ale ale

ADJECTIVE  all; abundant, countless, bountiful, every, plentiful
NOUN  abundance, everything, life, universe

anpa anpa

ADJECTIVE  bowing down, downward, humble, lowly, dependent

ante ante

ADJECTIVE  different, altered, changed, other

anu anu


awen awen

ADJECTIVE  enduring, kept, protected, safe, waiting, staying
PRE-VERB  to continue to

e e

PARTICLE  (before the direct object)

en en

PARTICLE  (between multiple subjects)

esun esun

NOUN  market, shop, fair, bazaar, business transaction

ijo ijo

NOUN  thing, phenomenon, object, matter

ike ike

ADJECTIVE  bad, negative; non-essential, irrelevant

ilo ilo

NOUN  tool, implement, machine, device

insa insa

NOUN  centre, content, inside, between; internal organ, stomach

jaki jaki

ADJECTIVE  disgusting, obscene, sickly, toxic, unclean, unsanitary

jan jan

NOUN  human being, person, somebody

jelo jelo

ADJECTIVE  yellow, yellowish

jo jo

VERB  to have, carry, contain, hold

kala kala

NOUN  fish, marine animal, sea creature

kalama kalama

VERB  to produce a sound; recite, utter aloud

kama kama

ADJECTIVE  arriving, coming, future, summoned
PRE-VERB  to become, manage to, succeed in

kasi kasi

NOUN  plant, vegetation; herb, leaf

ken ken

PRE-VERB  to be able to, be allowed to, can, may
ADJECTIVE  possible

kepeken kepeken

PREPOSITION  to use, with, by means of

kijetesantakalu kijetesantakalu
kili kili

NOUN  fruit, vegetable, mushroom

kin kin
kiwen kiwen

NOUN  hard object, metal, rock, stone

ko ko

NOUN  clay, clinging form, dough, semi-solid, paste, powder

kon kon

NOUN  air, breath; essence, spirit; hidden reality, unseen agent

ku ku
kule kule

ADJECTIVE  colourful, pigmented, painted

kulupu kulupu

NOUN  community, company, group, nation, society, tribe

kute kute

NOUN  ear
VERB  to hear, listen; pay attention to, obey

la la

PARTICLE  (between the context phrase and the main sentence)

lape lape

ADJECTIVE  sleeping, resting

laso laso

ADJECTIVE  blue, green

lawa lawa

NOUN  head, mind
VERB  to control, direct, guide, lead, own, plan, regulate, rule

leko leko
len len

NOUN  cloth, clothing, fabric, textile; cover, layer of privacy

lete lete

ADJECTIVE  cold, cool; uncooked, raw

li li

PARTICLE  (between any subject except mi alone or sina alone and its verb; also to introduce a new verb for the same subject)

lili lili

ADJECTIVE  little, small, short; few; a bit; young

linja linja

NOUN  long and flexible thing; cord, hair, rope, thread, yarn

lipu lipu

NOUN  flat object; book, document, card, paper, record, website

loje loje

ADJECTIVE  red, reddish

lon lon

PREPOSITION  located at, present at, real, true, existing

luka luka

NOUN  arm, hand, tactile organ
NUMBER  five

lukin lukin

NOUN  eye
VERB  to look at, see, examine, observe, read, watch
PRE-VERB  to seek, look for, try to

lupa lupa

NOUN  door, hole, orifice, window

ma ma

NOUN  earth, land; outdoors, world; country, territory; soil

mama mama

NOUN  parent, ancestor; creator, originator; caretaker, sustainer

mani mani

NOUN  money, cash, savings, wealth; large domesticated animal

meli meli

NOUN  woman, female, feminine person; wife

mi mi

NOUN  I, me, we, us

mije mije

NOUN  man, male, masculine person; husband

moku moku

VERB  to eat, drink, consume, swallow, ingest

moli moli

ADJECTIVE  dead, dying

monsi monsi

NOUN  back, behind, rear

monsuta monsuta
mu mu

PARTICLE  (animal noise or communication)

mun mun

NOUN  moon, night sky object, star

musi musi

ADJECTIVE  artistic, entertaining, frivolous, playful, recreational

mute mute

ADJECTIVE  many, a lot, more, much, several, very
NOUN  quantity

n n
namako namako
nanpa nanpa

PARTICLE  -th (ordinal number)
NOUN  numbers

nasa nasa

ADJECTIVE  unusual, strange; silly; drunk, intoxicated

nasin nasin

NOUN  way, custom, doctrine, method, path, road

nena nena

NOUN  bump, button, hill, mountain, nose, protuberance

ni ni

ADJECTIVE  that, this

nimi nimi

NOUN  name, word

noka noka

NOUN  foot, leg, organ of locomotion; bottom, lower part

o o

PARTICLE  hey! O! (vocative or imperative)

olin olin

VERB  to love, have compassion for, respect, show affection to

ona ona

NOUN  he, she, it, they

open open

VERB  to begin, start; open; turn on

pakala pakala

ADJECTIVE  botched, broken, damaged, harmed, messed up

pali pali

VERB  to do, take action on, work on; build, make, prepare

palisa palisa

NOUN  long hard thing; branch, rod, stick

pan pan

NOUN  cereal, grain; barley, corn, oat, rice, wheat; bread, pasta

pana pana

VERB  to give, send, emit, provide, put, release

pi pi


pilin pilin

NOUN  heart (physical or emotional)
ADJECTIVE  feeling (an emotion, a direct experience)

pimeja pimeja

ADJECTIVE  black, dark, unlit

pini pini

ADJECTIVE  ago, completed, ended, finished, past

pipi pipi

NOUN  bug, insect, ant, spider

poka poka

NOUN  hip, side; next to, nearby, vicinity

poki poki

NOUN  container, bag, bowl, box, cup, cupboard, drawer, vessel

pona pona

ADJECTIVE  good, positive, useful; friendly, peaceful; simple

pu pu

ADJECTIVE  interacting with the official Toki Pona book

sama sama

ADJECTIVE  same, similar; each other; sibling, peer, fellow

seli seli

NOUN  fire; cooking element, chemical reaction, heat source

selo selo

NOUN  outer form, outer layer; bark, peel, shell, skin; boundary

seme seme

PARTICLE  what? which?

sewi sewi

NOUN  area above, highest part, something elevated
ADJECTIVE  awe-inspiring, divine, sacred, supernatural

sijelo sijelo

NOUN  body (of person or animal), physical state, torso

sike sike

NOUN  round or circular thing; ball, circle, cycle, sphere, wheel
ADJECTIVE  of one year

sin sin

ADJECTIVE  new, fresh; additional, another, extra

sina sina

NOUN  you

sinpin sinpin

NOUN  face, foremost, front, wall

sitelen sitelen

NOUN  image, picture, representation, symbol, mark, writing

sona sona

VERB  to know, be skilled in, be wise about, have information on
PRE-VERB  to know how to

soweli soweli

NOUN  animal, beast, land mammal

suli suli

ADJECTIVE  big, heavy, large, long, tall; important; adult

suno suno

NOUN  sun; light, brightness, glow, radiance, shine; light source

supa supa

NOUN  horizontal surface, thing to put or rest something on

suwi suwi

ADJECTIVE  sweet, fragrant; cute, innocent, adorable

tan tan

PREPOSITION  by, from, because of

taso taso

PARTICLE  but, however

tawa tawa

PREPOSITION  going to, toward; for; from the perspective of

telo telo

NOUN  water, liquid, fluid, wet substance; beverage

tenpo tenpo

NOUN  time, duration, moment, occasion, period, situation

toki toki

VERB  to communicate, say, speak, say, talk, use language, think

tomo tomo

NOUN  indoor space; building, home, house, room

tonsi tonsi
tu tu


unpa unpa

VERB  to have sexual or marital relations with

uta uta

NOUN  mouth, lips, oral cavity, jaw

utala utala

VERB  to battle, challenge, compete against, struggle against

walo walo

ADJECTIVE  white, whitish; light-coloured, pale

wan wan

ADJECTIVE  unique, united

waso waso

NOUN  bird, flying creature, winged animal

wawa wawa

ADJECTIVE  strong, powerful; confident, sure; energetic, intense

weka weka

ADJECTIVE  absent, away, ignored

wile wile

PRE-VERB  must, need, require, should, want, wish