From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
akesi in sitelen pona
akesi in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈa.ke.si/
Usage 2023: Core (99% ↗︎ )2022: Core (98%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤁 U+F1901

akesi is a core content word relating to reptiles and amphibians.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word akesi is derived from Dutch hagedis, meaning "lizard".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of akesi includes herptiles, that is, reptiles and amphibians. As a modifier, it refers to something related to herptiles and sometimes to scaly or slimy skin.

akesi li moku e pipi 

akesi li moku e pipi.

The frog eats bugs.

akesi linja

akesi linja

snake (lit. 'line-shaped reptile')

pu[edit | edit source]

Illustration from the Toki Pona Dictionary, captioned akesi li suwi!, reflecting the updated definition of akesi

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines akesi as:

NOUN  non-cute animal; reptile, amphibian

After the publication of the Toki Pona Dictionary, the definition was corrected and this sense removed.[2]

NOUN  reptile, amphibian

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as akesi:[3]

reptile5, frog3

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

Alternative version of akesi

The sitelen pona glyph for akesi (󱤁) represents a reptile with two beady eyes as viewed from above, drawn with a wider, oval-shaped body to distinguish it from pipi.

This subject or style relates to su.

It is commonly drawn either with three or, alternatively, two strokes (akesi2) through the oval, representing six or four legs, respectively. The six-legged style is the original design from pu (2014),[4] but only the four-legged style is used in su (2024 onwards).[5]

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

The sitelen sitelen word glyph for akesi (akesi) seems to represent a stylized head of a reptilian or non-cute animal, with a slitted eye, a weirdly shaped nose, and an uta radical (uta) for a mouth (also found in the word glyphs for a: a and toki: toki).

The influences for the design of the glyph are unknown. It was made at a time when the now obsolete "non-cute animal" sense of akesi was still very common, which may have influenced its design.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 13.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 199.
  4. Lang, Sonja. (25 May 2014). Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292300. OCLC 921253340. p. 104.
  5. Sonja Lang. (6 January 2024). "Pre-Release Notes on the su Style of sitelen pona". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 17 January 2024. (Mirrored on 10 February 2024.)

Further reading[edit | edit source]