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awen in sitelen pona
awen in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈa.wen/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (99% ↗︎ )2022: Core (98%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤈 U+F1908

awen is a core content word and preverb that describes staying, keeping, and continuing.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word awen is derived from Dutch houden, meaning "to keep, to care for".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of awen includes the continuation, maintaining, or immutability of a state or action. As an intransitive verb, awen usually refers to staying in place (waiting) or continuing to do an unspecified action. Without further detail, this can possibly lead to ambiguity.

o awen lon tenpo suli

o awen lon tenpo suli.

Stay in place for a long time.
Wait a long time.

As a transitive verb, awen can mean to keep something in place or in some state, and to protect or defend something, so that it continues to exist.

mama li awen e jan ona

mama li awen e jan ona.

Parents protect their children.

Preverb[edit | edit source]

As a preverb, the word awen refers to the continuation of an action.

mi awen pali

mi awen pali.

I continue working.

kasi ko li awen lon lipu

kasi ko li awen lon lipu.

The pasted plants will stay on the page.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines awen as:

ADJECTIVE  enduring, kept, protected, safe, waiting, staying
PRE-VERB  to continue to

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as awen:[2]

stay5, await5, wait5, preserve5, remain5, sustain5, retain4, defend4, endure4, continued4, continue4, secure4, continuing4, save4, protect4, keep4, still3, reserve3, protection3, remaining3, continuous3, stability3, maintain3, safe3, security3, stable3, constant3, protective3, defence3, left (remaining)3, defensive2, maintenance2, rescue2, stand2, standing2, steady2, pause2, custody2, safely2, saving2, guard2, reservation2, suspend2, hang2, ongoing2, hesitate2, safety2, delay2, conservation2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for awen (󱤈) represents two legs standing in place, feet turned outwards. Compare kama (kama) and tawa (tawa).

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. pp. 203–204.

Further reading[edit | edit source]