|Usage||2023: Core (100% → )|
2022: Core (100%)
|Book and era||nimi pu|
|Part of speech||Content word|
Etymology[edit | edit source]
Semantic space[edit | edit source]
The semantic space of pona includes positive qualities, especially those that are coherent with Toki Pona's philosophy. It covers ideas of goodness, helpfulness, and peace and calm. It is an antonym of ike ("bad").
good speech (eloquence, a compliment, etc.)
the language of good
soweli pona li lon tomo mi
soweli pona li lon tomo mi.
A friendly animal is at our house.
We have a pet.
While pona is also often translated as "simple", oversimplification can still be ike. In practice, pona describes the happy medium between overcomplicated and oversimplified. In this sense, something is pona if it limits itself to the relevant and essential.
As a transitive verb, pona refers to causing something to be good, such as improving or beneficially simplifying it.
mi pona e supa pakala
mi pona e supa pakala.
We fixed the broken furniture.
Subjectivity[edit | edit source]
Being a value judgment, pona is generally subjective. However, this is often made more explicit by specifying who or what finds something pona.
nasin ni li pona tawa ona
nasin ni li pona tawa ona.
This method is good to them.
They like or benefit from this method.
mi la toki ale li pona
mi la, toki ale li pona.
As for me, all languages are nice.
I like every language.
Interjection[edit | edit source]
great, thanks, OK
pona is also used as a part of many interjections. For example:
Other common examples include:
- pona tawa sina: "peace be with you"
- tawa pona: "bye" (said by the person staying), "farewell", "bon voyage"
- ale li pona: "all is well", "life is good", "don't worry"
- lape pona: "good night"
- moku pona: "enjoy your meal", "bon appetit"
- sina pona: "you're cool", "I like you"; "thank you" (acknowledging that "you did something good")
pu[edit | edit source]
ADJECTIVE good, positive, useful; friendly, peaceful; simple
ku[edit | edit source]
good5, correctly2, adequate2 , effectiveness2 , reasonable2 , decent2 , thanks2 , welfare2 , peace2 , wonderful2 , plain2 , properly2 , fairly2 , civil2 , terrific2 , improved2 , worthy2 , well-being2 , lovely2 , natural2 , resolve2 , easy2 , elementary2 , enhance2 , efficiency2 , mercy2 , useful2 , justice2 , elegant2 , beautiful2 , courtesy2 , effective2 , comfortable2 , reliability2 , perfect2 , please2 , relieve2 , basic2 , better2 , honest2 , solve2 , free2 , success2 , fascinating2 , qualify2 , morality2 , easily2 , excellent2 , sufficient2, appropriate5 , nice5 , acceptable5 , simply4 , OK4 , fine4 , proper4 , quality4 , valid4 , pleasant4 , friendly4 , positive4 , well4 , simple4 , benefit4 , virtue4 , alright4 , correct3 , fix3 , repair3 , cool3 , advantage3 , right (not wrong)3 , okay3 , fixed3 , validity3 , helpful3 , kind3 , merit3 , successfully3 , ethical3 , peaceful3 , ideal3 , improve3 , improvement3 , correction3 , fair3 , grace3 , heal3 , ease3 , successful3 , supportive3 , awesome3 , approval3
sitelen pona[edit | edit source]The sitelen pona glyph for pona represents a closed smiling mouth. It was designed to keep the preexisting toki pona symbol reverse compatible as a composite glyph.
References[edit | edit source]
- Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.