From sona pona, the English–Toki Pona wiki
wile in sitelen pona
wile in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈwi.le/ (listen)
Usage 2023: Core (100% → )
2022: Core (100%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word, preverb
Codepoint 󱥷 U+F1977

wile is a core content word and preverb relating to desire and necessity.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word wile is derived from Dutch willen, meaning "to want, to desire".[1] It is cognate with English will, with the sense "to wish, to desire, to long", as in at will, do what you will, where there's a will there's a way, willful, and willpower, not the future tense. It is also cognate with German wollen, Danish and Norwegian Bokmål ville, Swedish and Norwegian Nynorsk vilja, French vouloir, and Italian volere.

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of wile includes desire and necessity. It should be compared to o, which expresses exhortation or obligation.

[citation needed]

Content word[edit | edit source]

As a content word, wile refers to wanting or needing something. Toki Pona encourages the speaker to re-examine the difference between their wants and needs and emphasizes the action taken to fulfill them over their origin or nature.[2][3]

nasin pi toki pona la ijo pi wile suli ala o weka 
nasin pi toki pona la, ijo pi wile suli ala o weka.[4]

In the way of Toki Pona, things that aren't absolutely necessary should be removed. (lit. not-importantly-needed things)

mi wile e ni: jan [moku esun lukin awen noka insa] li kama tawa tomo mi.
mi wile e ni: jan Melani li kama tawa tomo mi.

I want the following: Mélanie will come to my home.
I want Mélanie to visit me.[5]

Preverb[edit | edit source]

As a preverb, wile indicates that the subject wants or needs to be or do the predicate.

mama o mi wile tawa li wile toki 
mama o, mi wile tawa li wile toki.[6]

Mamma, I want to go! I want to talk! (alt: I need to go! I need to talk!)

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines wile as:

PRE-VERB  must, need, require, should, want, wish

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as wile:

want5, wish5, intend5, require5, need5, desire5, intention5, willing5, will5, intent4, preference4, motivation4, necessity4, ought4, yearn4, necessary4, willingness4, ambition4, hope4, prefer4, requirement4, required4, must3, obligation3, decision3, should3, demand3, eager3, request3, agenda3, goal2, would2, select2, motive2, interested2, criteria2, dare2, opt2, choose2, consent2, expectation2, shall2, urge2, determination2, pick2, objective2, depend2, elect2, dependent2, deserve2, selection2, incentive2, strive2, choice2, supposed2, interest2, enthusiasm2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for wile is derived from the Latin letter W. There is an alternative glyph where the ends of the glyph are connected and form an upside-down heart, a mirror image of pilin.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. Jean-Marc Quéré, sona li wan (2021), p. 19-20.
  3. lipamanka. "dictionary". {{{website}}}. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  4. jan Kita. (21 September 2021). "nasin nanpa mute li lon". {{{website}}}. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  5. Lang, Sonja (2014). Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292300. OCLC 921253340. p. 58.
  6. jan Atelin. (6 August 2022). "{{{title}}}". {{{website}}}. Retrieved 11 November 2023.