From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
sama in sitelen pona
sama in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈ
Usage 2023: Core (99% → )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Preposition, content word
Codepoint 󱥖 U+F1956

sama is a core preposition and content word. It is used to make comparisons.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word sama is derived from Finnish sama, meaning "same", and Esperanto sama, itself from English same.[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of sama includes similarity, thus describing objects and ideas with qualities in common, as well as their equivalence.[2]

sitelen ni li sama 

sitelen ni li sama.

These images are the same.

Preposition[edit | edit source]

When used as a preposition, sama indicates that the preceding phrase is like the prepositional phrase.

mi sama jan ante

mi sama jan ante.

I am similar to other people.

jan [sijelo insa telo awen toki ale] li sama waso alasa

jan Sitata li sama waso alasa.[3]

Siddhartha is like a falcon.

In contrast, sama as a transitive verb refers to causing objects to become similar or assimilating them.

mi sama e jan ante

mi sama e jan ante.

I assimilate other people.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines sama as:

ADJECTIVE  same, similar; each other; sibling, peer, fellow

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as sama:[4]

alike5, equal5, similar5, equivalent5, as4, similarly4, equality3, equally3, like3, identical3, likewise2, related2, relation2, constant2, associated2, relate2, seem2, even2, copy2, mutual2, equity2, resemble2, fellow2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for sama (󱥖) represents the equals sign (=).

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

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References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary".
  3. Hesse, Hermann; trans. jan Kala. "Siddhartha". Retrieved 10 November 2023.
  4. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. pp. 336–337.

Further reading[edit | edit source]