From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
supa in sitelen pona
supa in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈ
Usage 2023: Core (99% ↗︎ )2022: Core (98%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥥 U+F1965

supa is a core content word relating to horizontal or supporting surfaces.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word supa is derived from Acadian French and English surface and Esperanto surfaco,[1] all of which are cognates.

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

Object words, such as linja, lipu, palisa, supa, and sinpin

The semantic space of supa includes horizontal surfaces to rest or place something upon, such as platforms and furniture. A specific type of supa can be defined by what it is expected to support. supa can also refer to the horizontal flatness of an object, overlapping with the semantic space of lipu.

mi lape lon supa 

mi lape lon supa.

I sleep on my bed.

Some speakers define supa as referring to all furniture in general.[2] It is not clear how far this extends to furniture that cannot support other objects.

The semantic space supa has been contrasted with poki, an object that holds other objects by enclosing them.[3] This creates the question of whether to refer to convex holding objects, such as hooks, as supa, poki, luka, or simply ilo jo.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines supa as:

NOUN  horizontal surface, thing to put or rest something on

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as supa:[2]

platform5, table5, shelf4, board4, furniture3, flat3, lie (be in flat position)3, level3, desk3, deck2, couch2, stage2, seat2, bench2, tablet2, surface2, chair2, counter2, pad2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for supa (󱥥) represents a table, backless bench, or similar piece of furniture.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

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References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. pp. 353–354.
  3. lipamanka. "poki". Retrieved 22 January 2024.

Further reading[edit | edit source]