From sona pona, the English–Toki Pona wiki
supa in sitelen pona
supa in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈ (listen)
Usage 2023: Core (99%  )
2022: Core (98%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥥 U+F1965

supa is a core content word that describes horizontal or supporting surfaces.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word supa is derived from Acadian French and English surface and Esperanto surfaco,[1] all of which are cognates.

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

Object words, such as linja, lipu, palisa, supa, and sinpin

The semantic space of supa includes horizontal surfaces to put or rest something upon, such as tables, chairs, and platforms. Seats in particular are often phrased as supa monsi, a surface to rest the rear (of the body), so a specific supa can be defined by what it is expected to support. supa can also refer to the horizontal flatness of an object, overlapping with lipu.

Some speakers define supa as referring to furniture in general. It is not clear how far this extends to furniture that cannot support other objects.

supa has been contrasted with poki, something that holds an object by enclosing it. This creates the question of whether to refer to convex holding objects, such as hooks, as supa, poki, luka, or simply ilo jo.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines supa as:

NOUN  horizontal surface, thing to put or rest something on

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as supa:

platform5, table5, shelf4, board4, furniture3, flat3, lie (be in flat position)3, level3, desk3, deck2, couch2, stage2, seat2, bench2, tablet2, surface2, chair2, counter2, pad2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for supa represents a table, backless bench, or similar piece of furniture.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.