From sona pona, the English–Toki Pona wiki
esun in sitelen pona
esun in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈe.sun/ (listen)
Usage 2023: Core (98%  )
2022: Core (96%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤋 U+F190B

esun is a core content word relating to trade and exchanging.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The etymology of the word esun is uncertain. According to jan Sonja in 2020, "esun was told [to her] by a taxi driver who spoke a language from the Akan family in West Africa".[1] However, it is unclear which language and which word it originated from. It might possibly be from Twi edwom, meaning "market (place)",[2] as noted by ale sa in 2023.[3]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space space of esun includes trading and exchanging.[4] Exchanging is not limited to money; it can be anything either concrete (such as barter) or abstract (such as exchanging knowledge).

It includes the act or an instance of trading, something of or relating to trading, and a place of business. For the place, some examples include markets, shops, fairs, bazaars.

The phrase tenpo esun is a common way to say "week", which literally means "the time relating to business".

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines esun as:

NOUN  market, shop, fair, bazaar, business transaction

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as esun:[5]

trading5, trade5, shopping5, deal4, commerce4, purchase4, sales4, buy4, transaction4, market4, sale3, exchange3, sell3, retail3, business3, shop3, store2, commercial2, financial2, enterprise2, economy2, franchise2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for esun is derived from the Mi'kmaq hieroglyphs, according to jan Sonja in a message from 2021.[6] It is unknown, however, which hieroglyph it originated from.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. jan Sonja [@sonjalang] (29 November 2020). [Message posted in the #tomo-toki-ante channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. "esun was told to me by a taxi driver who spoke a language from the Akan family in West Africa". Discord.
  2. Twi Translation of "market". LEARNAKANDICTIONARY.COM. Retrieved 19 October 2023.
  3. ale sa [@nim64] (16 October 2023). [Message posted in the #learning-general channel in the kama sona Discord server]. Discord.
  4. lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary".
  5. Lang, Sonja (2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 205–206.
  6. jan Sonja [@sonjalang] (24 February 2021). [Message posted in the #toki-pona channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. "i think that [symbol] is from Mikmaq". Discord.

Further reading[edit | edit source]