From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
namako in sitelen pona
namako in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈ
Usage 2023: Common4, Widespread6 (70% ↘︎ )2022: Widespread (75%)
Book and era nimi ku suli ("synonym" in pu)
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥸 U+F1978

namako is a common content word and pre-pu nimi ku suli relating to spices and embellishments.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word namako is derived from Hindi नमक (namak) or Persian نمک (namak), both meaning "salt".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

Under construction This section needs work. If you know about this topic, you can help us by editing it. (See all)

The semantic space of namako includes spices and embellishments.

mi wile pana e namako tawa moku mi

mi wile pana e namako tawa moku mi.

I want to add spiciness to my food.

pu[edit | edit source]

Caution: The subject of this section is historical information that is presented for completeness, and might not reflect current usage.

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines namako as a "synonym" of sin. This sense is generally not understood. It largely does not reflect earlier use of namako either.

ADJECTIVE  new, fresh; additional, another, extra

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as namako:[2]

spice5, extra4, adornment3, additional3, extension2, bonus2, salt2, fancy2, special2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

Earlier namako glyph (2016)

The first widely known sitelen pona glyph for namako (󱥸) is derived from the glyph for sin with an additional line at the bottom, reflecting namako's sense of "extra". It was designed by jan Same in October 2016.[3] This version was included in version 1.0 of linja pona. Since the introduction of the pepper-shaped glyph, this variant is sometimes referred to as crosshair namako, from its resemblance to the thicker strokes of a duplex reticle.

Pepper namako[edit | edit source]

Later namako glyph (2022)

In February 2022, jan Sonja shared an alternative glyph for namako (namako) that she once invented for personal use.[4][5] It depicts a chili pepper, with emitters above in place of the stem. It is widely called pepper namako. This style is used in su, with the sin-derived glyph not being used.[6]

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

Under construction: This section is empty. You can help us by adding to it.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Moniz, C. Ryan (jan inwin); van der Meulen, Spencer H. (jan Pensa); lipamanka. (8 October 2020). "nimi ale pona (2nd ed.)". Google Docs.
  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 292.
  3. jan Same. (16 October 2016). "Re: Sitelen pona glyphs for new and apocryphal words". Toki Pona Forums. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  4. jan Sonja [@sonjalang]. (14 February 2022). [Message posted in the #pali-musi channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. Retrieved 8 February 2024. Excerpt of the discussion:

    lipamanka: Hmm maybe I’ll give in and just accept the current namako glyph, as bad as it is...

    jan Sonja: you want a new namako?

    lipamanka: Yes, I really don’t like the current one

    jan Sonja: i doodled one

    lipamanka: WOAH

    Can I see

    jan Sonja: but if i share the doodle is it disruptive?

    lipamanka: No

    jan Itan: n?

    like, about influencing the community?

    lipamanka: We have like ten possible glyphs if you scroll up a bit

    jan Sonja: ohhh i see

    jan Itan: personally, I'd love to see it

    jan Sonja: it is just a doodle, not something i am publishing, but a 🌶 basically

    [photo of 4 handdrawn examples]
    i didnt know there was a need for new sitelen pona glyphs

    jan Itan: maybe not a need, but i feel like there's enough of a want

  5. Lang, Sonja; trans. van der Meulen, Spencer. (2022). Tokipono: La lingvo de bono (in Esperanto). ISBN 978-9464376098. p. 149. "La maldekstra namako estas uzata ekde 2016, kaj la dekstran Sonja elpensis por propra uzado kaj publikigis en 2022." [The left namako is used since 2016, and the right one was made up by Sonja for personal use and made public in 2022.]
  6. Sonja Lang. (6 January 2024). "Pre-Release Notes on the su Style of sitelen pona". Archived from the original on 17 January 2024. (Mirrored on 10 February 2024.)

Further reading[edit | edit source]