pimeja

From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
pimeja in sitelen pona
pimeja in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈpi.me.ja//j/ sounds like English Y, as in "fjord" or "hallelujah".
Usage 2023: Core (100% ↗︎ )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥏 U+F194F

pimeja is a core content word used for any dark color, especially those approaching black.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word pimeja is derived from Finnish pimeä, meaning "black".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of pimeja includes black and dark colors, as an antonym of walo ("white, pale"). It can also refer to the lack of illumination, such as darkness, shadows, unlit spaces, as an antonym of suno ("bright").

len ni li pimeja 

len ni li pimeja.

This shirt is black.

tenpo pimeja la mi lape

tenpo pimeja la mi lape.

In the night (dark time), I sleep.

The night or nighttime may be described simply as pimeja, as speakers may frame it as a notable "type of darkness" rather than a certain period of time.[2]

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines pimeja as:

ADJECTIVE  black, dark, unlit

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as pimeja:[3]

dark5, black5, darkness5, shadow3, shade3

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for pimeja (󱥏) is derived from the triangle radical with a diagonal cross inside, possibly from the glyph for ala. It represents the absence of light, and possibly also the effect of low light on color visibility.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

The sitelen sitelen glyph for pimeja (pimeja) is derived and simplified from Maya glyph ak'ab' (T504), meaning "darkness" or "night".[4] The original glyph probably represents a side view of a snake's body, with belly scales on the bottom and dorsal markings on top.[5] The lower section has become a color radical in sitelen sitelen, being also used in the glyphs for kule, walo, loje, jelo, and laso.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary". lipamanka.gay.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 328.
  4. Gabel, Jonathan. (21 May 2012). "sitelen sitelen acknowledgements and etymology". jonathangabel.com. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  5. Montgomery, John. "Dictionary of Maya Hieroglyphs". FAMSI. Retrieved 11 March 2024.

Further reading[edit | edit source]