Personal pronouns

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mi in sitelen pona
mi in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /mi/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (100% → )
2022: Core (100%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤴 U+F1934
sina in sitelen pona
sina in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈsi.na/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (100% → )
2022: Core (100%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥞 U+F195E
ona in sitelen pona
ona in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈo.na/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (100% ↗︎ )
2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥆 U+F1946

The personal pronouns in Toki Pona are mi (first-person), sina (second-person), and ona (third-person). In terms of morphology and syntax, pronouns act the same as any other content word.

Number[edit | edit source]

Pronouns are grammatically unmarked for number, meaning that any pronoun may be singular or plural. If number need be specified, it can be added as a modifier, such as mi wan ('I'), mi tu ('us two'), mi mute ('we'),[a] and mi ale ('we all').

Possessives[edit | edit source]

When used as modifiers, personal pronouns almost always imply possession:

ijo mi

ijo mi

my stuff
our stuff

ijo sina

ijo sina

your stuff

ijo ona

ijo ona

their stuff

Distinction[edit | edit source]

Pronouns are not marked for gender. One can narrow down the referent of a pronoun by using any quality as a modifier.

ona jelo

ona jelo

the yellow one(s) of them

sina suli o

sina suli o!

Hey, the tall one(s) of you!

li dropping[edit | edit source]

If the subject of a sentence is only mi or only sina, then the particle li, which would usually follow it, is dropped.

mi pona  ijo mi li pona 

mi pona. ijo mi li pona.

sina pona  sina kin li pona 

sina pona. sina kin li pona.

mi en sina li pona 

mi en sina li pona.

ona li pona 

ona li pona.

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyphs for mi (󱤴), sina (󱥞), and ona (󱥆) are composed of a circle and a stem line originating from it, possibly representing hands pointing at the direction of the person. These may be drawn with either a straight or curved stem. Rarely, these may also be drawn mirrored as of the standard versions.

Other pronouns[edit | edit source]

Apart from personal pronouns, the words ni ("this, that") and seme ("what") also are pronouns, as they stand in for a content word or phrase.

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Similarly to other content words, mute is generally reserved for three or more individuals. If "we" refers to two people it is more common to use mi tu or just mi instead of mi mute.