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ijo in sitelen pona
ijo in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈi.jo//j/ sounds like English Y, as in "fjord" or "hallelujah".
Usage 2023: Core (100% ↗︎ )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤌 U+F190C

ijo is a core content word relating to things and beings.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word ijo was derived from Esperanto io, meaning "something".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of ijo includes anything that exists, such as physical things, phenomenona, ideas, actions, places, sentient beings, or otherwise.[2]

ni li ijo 

ni li ijo.

This is an object.

For many speakers, it applies to the animate as well as the inanimate, so it may be closer to the English words "being" or "entity" than "thing". As a verb, ijo can describe a generic action, as in "to do something".

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines ijo as:

NOUN  thing, phenomenon, object, matter

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as ijo:[3]

thing5, stuff5, item5, something5, object5, entity5, phenomenon4, material4, matter (n)4, substance3, anything3, element2, asset2, being2, chemical2, subject2, product2, stock2, example2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for ijo (󱤌) is a circle, presumably representing a generic thing or placeholder. It appears as a radical in other glyphs, including kulupu, pali, sike, toki (and from it, kokosila), and wawa.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

The sitelen sitelen word glyph for ijo (ijo) is derived from the syllable glyphs for "ijo" (IJO). A syllable glyph for "i" is placed on top of a syllable glyph for "jo" with the enlarged "o" infix partially disappearing over the edge of the glyph.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary". lipamanka.gay.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 206.

Further reading[edit | edit source]