kala

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kala in sitelen pona
kala in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈka.la/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (99% → )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤔 U+F1914

kala is a core content word relating to aquatic animals.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word kala is derived from Finnish kala, meaning "fish".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

Under construction This section needs work:
include edge cases: whales/dolphins, frogs and other semiaquatic amphibians and reptiles
If you know about this topic, you can help us by editing it. (See all)

The semantic space of kala includes aquatic and semiaquatic animals, including but not limited to fish. It can refer to any type of animal that habitually swims.[2]

mi alasa e kala 

mi alasa e kala.

We went fishing.

Some speakers humorously extend kala to refer to anything that is in the water at a given moment. For example, someone bathing or showering can be described as kala,[2] and leaving to do so may prompt the interjection kala pona ("enjoy your swim"). By extension, kala may be used as a verb meaning "to swim". waso has a similar humorous use to refer to anything airborne.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines kala as:

NOUN  fish, marine animal, sea creature

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as kala:[3]

fish5, sea creature5, salmon4

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for kala (󱤔) represents a fish. It is written in one stroke as a self-intersecting loop, drawn facing either direction; the shape is comparable to the Greek letter alpha or an ichthys (which instead usually consists of 2 arcs). The glyph is sometimes drawn with two eye dots inside (kala) to make it consistent with other animal words (akesi, pipi, soweli, and waso).

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. 2.0 2.1 lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary". lipamanka.gay.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 235.

Further reading[edit | edit source]