ken

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ken in sitelen pona
ken in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ken/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (100% ↗︎ )
2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Preverb, content word
Codepoint 󱤘 U+F1918

ken is a core content word and preverb relating to abilities and possibilities.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word ken is derived from Tok Pisin ken, itself from English can.[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

Under construction This section needs work:
inclusion of more meanings
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The semantic space of ken includes abilities, as well as, permissions, possibilities, and probabilities.[2]

sina ken ala ken toki pona

sina ken ala ken toki pona?

Can you speak Toki Pona?

o ken musi e mi

o ken musi e mi!

Let me play!
(Make me be able to play!)

ken suli la mi kama lon tenpo ike

ken suli la mi kama lon tenpo ike.

There's a big chance that we've arrived at a bad time.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines ken as:

PRE-VERB  to be able to, be allowed to, can, may
ADJECTIVE  possible

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as ken:[3]

able5, potential5, ability5, capability5, capable5, may5, possible5, could5, eligible4, can4, possibility4, permission4, likelihood3, chance3, probability3, available3, opportunity3, maybe3, possibly3, odds3, patentially2, perhaps2, liberty2, might2, option2, viable2, enable2, privilege2, allow2, likely2, prospect2, freedom2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for ken (󱤘) is derived from the uppercase Latin letter K, as in the first letter of the word.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary". lipamanka.gay.
  3. Lang, Sonja (2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 243–244.

Further reading[edit | edit source]