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kili in sitelen pona
kili in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈ
Usage 2023: Core (99% → )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤚 U+F191A

kili is a core content word relating to fruits and vegetables.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word kili is derived from Georgian ხილი (xili), meaning "fruit".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of kili includes edible parts of plants, and preparations such as preserves that are recognizable as such.[2] These also include the fruiting parts of a plant or fungus. kili is not limited to fruits in any particular sense of the English word, and also describes vegetables, nuts, seeds, flowers, and mushrooms.

mi moku e kili 

mi moku e kili.

I ate a kumquat.

Figuratively, kili is also sometimes used for offspring. For example, a human child (descendant of any age) may be referred to as jan kili. In their dictionary, linguist lipamanka relates this to the family tree metaphor of several European languages and cautions that it may not be understood without additional context.[2]

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines kili as:

NOUN  fruit, vegetable, mushroom

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as kili:[3]

fruit5, vegetable5, apple5, kumquat3, fungus2, nut2, bean2, onion2, tomato2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for kili (kili) depicts a fruit (in the botanical sense; it also resembles various vegetables). It is typically shaped like a cardioid, with a stem drawn as a straight or curved line up from the cusp.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

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See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary".
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 249.

Further reading[edit | edit source]