kon

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kon in sitelen pona
kon in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /kon/
Usage 2023: Core (99% → )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤝 U+F191D

kon is a core content word relating to gases.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word kon is derived from Mandarin 空氣 (pinyin: kōngqì), meaning "air".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

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The semantic space of kon includes gases, such as air, steam, and smoke, as well as scents and fragrances.

mi tawa wawa selo mi li pilin e kon lete

mi tawa wawa. selo mi li pilin e kon lete.

We're running. Our skin feels the cold breeze.

kasi ni li pana e kon nasa

kasi ni li pana e kon nasa.

This plant gives off a weird smell.

Figuratively, kon refers to an essence, something "known, but not [commonly] seen", such as supernatural spirits, personal identities, ideas, and meanings of words and utterances.[2] Compare the figurative senses of English "spirit" or "atmosphere".

kon pi(nimi sina) li seme

kon pi nimi sina li seme?

What's your name's meaning?

kon li tawa e supa ale mi a

kon li tawa e supa ale mi a!

An unseen force is moving all my furniture!

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines kon as:

NOUN  air, breath; essence, spirit; hidden reality, unseen agent

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as kon:[3]

soul5, air5, spirit5, gas5, essence4, atmosphere4, oxygen3, breathe3, breath3, meaning3, intangible3, breathing3, invisible entity3, definition2, abstract2, breeze2, smell2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for kon (󱤝) represents steam[citation needed] rising up as two curvy vertical lines. It also resembles wavy lines that emanate from odorous things in cartoons. It is similar to the glyph for telo (telo), which is horizontal.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

The sitelen sitelen glyph for kon (kon) is derived from a Mayan glyph for muyal (T632),[4] meaning "cloud".[5]

Like with any monosyllabic word, the word kon may also optionally be written with a syllable glyph (KON).

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary". lipamanka.gay.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 254.
  4. Jonathan Gabel. (18 July 2012). "sitelen sitelen acknowledgements and etymology". jonathangabel.com. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  5. Montgomery, John. "Dictionary of Maya Hieroglyphs". FAMSI. Retrieved 11 March 2024.

Further reading[edit | edit source]