mun

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mun in sitelen pona
mun in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /mun/
Usage 2023: Core (99% → )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱤺 U+F193A

mun is a core content word relating to astronomical and nighttime objects.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word mun is derived from English moon.[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of mun includes astronomical objects, such as stars (including the Sun), planets, asteroids, natural and artificial satellites,[2][3] as well as specfically the Moon.

mun mute li lon sewi pimeja

mun mute li lon sewi pimeja.

There are many stars in the night sky.

As a modifier, it refers to something related to astronomical objects or the Moon. For example, the phrase tenpo mun is commonly used to mean "month", referring to the duration of time of the Moon's orbit. Beginners sometimes use that phrase for "night".[4] However, that is widely discouraged.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines mun as:

NOUN  moon, night sky object, star

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as mun:[5]

moon5, celestial body4, star2, planet1

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for mun (󱤺) represents a crescent moon. The glyph is usually drawn with the shadow on the left, but may also be drawn flipped.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

The sitelen sitelen glyph for mun (mun) depicts a full moon placed inside an "u" syllable radical. It is derived from a Maya glyph for ja (T683).[6] This is a phonetic glyph with a "moon" sign in the middle, which is a large circle with a diagonal line of three small circles in the middle and a horizonal line of circles underneath.[7]

Like with any monosyllabic word, the word mun may also optionally be written with a syllable glyph (MUN).

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Word Origins". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 158.
  3. jan Juwan [@juwan.]. (22 October 2023). [Informal poll posted in the #sona-kulupu channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. Retrieved 24 October 2023..
    Are artificial satellites under the semantic space of mun?
    Option Votes
    Yes 38
    No 3
    Maybe/Unsure 29
  4. jan Lakuse (3 September 2021). "Intermediate Toki Pona: Building from jan Misali's 12 Days | suno pi toki pona | toki pona day 2021". [3:58]. YouTube. Archived from the original 16 September 2023. Retrieved 22 October 2023.
  5. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 288.
  6. Jonathan Gabel. (18 July 2012). "sitelen sitelen acknowledgements and etymology". jonathangabel.com. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  7. Montgomery, John. "Dictionary of Maya Hieroglyphs". FAMSI. Retrieved 11 March 2024.

Further reading[edit | edit source]