noka

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noka in sitelen pona
noka in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈno.ka/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (99% ↗︎ )2022: Core (98%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥃 U+F1943

noka is a core content word relating to the legs and feet.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word noka is derived from Crotian noga, meaning "leg".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of noka includes any and all parts of human lower limbs, such as the legs, knees, feet, and toes; similarly to how luka can refer to the hands or arms. As a transitive verb, it may refer to the act of interacting with something using said limbs, such as placing one's feet, kicking, among other meanings. When referring to non-human creatures, noka usually refers to their organs of locomotion.

Figuratively, it may refer to the lower part of an object, such as a base, foundation, or roots (of a plant).

Difference from anpa[edit | edit source]

When used in prepositional phrases, anpa and noka may have synonymous or distinct meanings, depending on the speaker. The phrase lon anpa is more common for "at the bottom (of)".

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines noka as:

NOUN  foot, leg, organ of locomotion; bottom, lower part

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as noka:[2]

leg5, foot4, lap3, ankle3, kick3, heel2, knee2, base2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for noka (󱥃) represents a leg, usually drawn facing right, but also drawn flipped.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 304.

Further reading[edit | edit source]