pini

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pini in sitelen pona
pini in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈpi.ni/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (100% ↗︎ )2022: Core (99%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥐 U+F1950

pini is a core content word relating to finishing and closing.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word pini is derived from Acadian French fini, meaning "finished, completed".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of pini includes the end of an action or object. It refers to an act or instance of completion and cessation of an action, either temporary (a pause or break) or definitive. It may also refer to that which has already finished in the past, so much so that the phrase tenpo pini is commonly used as a way to express the past; see Time.

mi pini e pali

mi pini e pali.

I finished the work.

The word may also refer to closing and deactivation.

o pini e lukin

o pini e lukin.

Stop looking!
Close your eyes!

By extension, it may also refer to the extremity or tip of an object.

Preverb[edit | edit source]

The word pini may be used a preverb used to express the end of an action, as described in the Toki Pona Dictionary.[2]

sina pini moku e kili

sina pini moku e kili.[2]

You finished eating the kumquat.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines pini as:

ADJECTIVE  ago, completed, ended, finished, past

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as pini:[3]

end5, finish5, shut5, ending4, cease4, outcome4, conclude4, close (v)4, closed4, quit3, latter3, final3, complete3, stop3, off3, cancel3, conclusion2, result2, previous2, pause2, interrupt2, lock2, over2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for pini (󱥐) is believed to represent a blocking wall.[citation needed] It may also represent a beam with each end serifed.

As an end mark[edit | edit source]

lipu tenpo uses the sitelen pona glyph for pini as an end mark, signaling the end of an article. This has been in place after the zine redesign by jan Kasape in 2023.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 9.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 329.

Further reading[edit | edit source]