meso

From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
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meso in sitelen pona
meso in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈme.so/
Usage 2023: Uncommon4, Common6 (52% → )2022: Common (52%)
Book and era nimi ku suli (post-pu)
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱦂 U+F1982

meso is an uncommon content word and post-pu nimi ku suli relating to the middle of something, or between two or more things.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word meso is derived from Greek μέσος (mésos), meaning "middle, intermediate", which is also the origin of the taxonomic, biological, and English prefix meso-. It was coined by jan Olipija in 2020.[1][2]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of meso includes the middle or midpoint of something, and the space inside or between multiple things, overlapping with insa. meso can refer to a neutral or intermediate area between two opposite extremes, neither one nor the other, such as between pona and ike. It is sometimes used with the connotation of mediocre.

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as meso:[3]

average3, moderate3, medium3, intermediate2, ordinary2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for meso (󱦂) resembles the glyphs for other location words, and is a location dot between 2 vertical bars.

sitelen sitelen[edit | edit source]

The sitelen sitelen glyph for meso was designed by lon Jawin, jan Saki, and Jonathan Gabel. The glyph may be drawn either with two or three "legs". Similarly to the glyph for musi the mouth may range from neutral, to a smile or frown, giving an emotional cue to the meaning of the glyph.[4][5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. jan Olipija [@0000____0000]. (31 October 2020). [Message posted in the #sona-musi channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. Retrieved 9 December 2023.

    meso - middle/medium/mediocre/neither one not the other/neither fully is or isn't
    tan toki Elinika (Greek) (μέσο)

  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 24.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. pp. 284–285.
  4. Gabel, Jonathan. (5 September 2021). "Designing glyphs - sitelen suwi pi nimi ku suli"". jonathangabel.com. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  5. lon Jawin (6 October 2021). "pali len pi sitelen sitelen pi nimi ku suli". In lipu tenpo nanpa toki (in Toki Pona). lipu tenpo.

Further reading[edit | edit source]