n

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n in sitelen pona
n in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /n/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Widespread (70% ↗︎ )2022: Common (68%)
Book and era nimi ku suli (post-pu)
Part of speech Particle
Codepoint 󱦆 U+F1986

n is an interjection and nimi ku suli used to represent any filler word or humming sound, such as "um", "mmm", or "hmm".

It is often used to indicate being absorbed in thoughts, recognition, or agreement. n is frequently written with multiple letters (e.g. "nnn...") to indicate a drawn out sound.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word n was coined by kala kala.[1][citation needed…]

Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

The word n violates Toki Pona's strict phonotactics. Speakers still accept this because they may consider it easy to pronounce or technically not a word in the first place but an onomatopoeia. n does not have to be pronounced /n/ but can stand in for any hum or nasal sound, regardless of phonotactics. Some compare the word n to the coda nasal.

Definitions[edit | edit source]

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as n:[2]

um3, mmm2, hmm2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for n (󱦆) is composed of the punctuation stem and the lowercase Latin letter N. You can sometimes find the glyph drawn without the letter N's left stem (󱦆), making the lower part look just like the glyph for nena. The punctuation stem can be drawn upright (n) or at a diagonal (n). Compare the glyphs for a, kin, and o.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 24.
  2. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 292.

Further reading[edit | edit source]