apeja

From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki

apeja in sitelen pona
Pronunciation /ˈa.pe.ja/ 🔊/j/ sounds like English Y, as in "fjord" or "hallelujah".
Usage 2023: Uncommon (23% ↗︎ )Caution: Most speakers don't use this word.2022: Uncommon (20%)
Book and era nimi ku lili (pre-pu)
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱦡 U+F19A1

apeja is an uncommon content word and pre-pu nimi ku lili relating to shame.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word apeja is derived from Finnish häpeä, meaning "shame, shameful".[1] This word was coined circa late 2009.[2][3][4]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of apeja includes shame and guilt, perceived violations of moral standards. It also refers to singling out and isolating another person or oneself.

mi apeja e mama mi 

mi apeja e mama mi.

I dishonored my parents (brought shame towards them).

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as apeja:[5]

shame2, embarrassed2, guilt1

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for apeja (󱦡) is derived from the glyph for kulupu, turned upside down, with the bottom circle divided by an angle-shaped barrier. It was designed by Jakob Vogel in 2019, for a contest to design glyphs for words considered "extinct" at the time started by jan Same (James Flear).[6][7]

jan Same had previously proposed glyphs for apeja in October 2016. The original proposal was a broken heart, merging the shape of pilin with the zigzagging stroke through pakala. To avoid it being mistaken for a combined glyph, jan Same subsequently proposed four circles in a diamond configuration, with the lower circle crossed out, representing kulupu with another person singled out or shunned.[8]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Moniz, C. Ryan (jan inwin); van Der Meulen, Spencer H. (jan Pensa); lipamanka. (8 October 2020). "nimi ale pona (2nd ed.)". Google Docs.
  2. "Talk:apeja". en.tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  3. jan Mato. (9 December 2009). "Any new obsolete meanings?". Toki Pona Forums. Retrieved 28 November 2023.
  4. aikidave. (19 October 2020). "apeja". Toki Pona Forums. Retrieved 28 November 2023.
  5. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 203.
  6. James Flear. (4 July 2019). "toki! This is round 2 of “designing new glyphs for extinct words”.". Facebook. Retrieved 28 November 2023.
  7. James Flear. (12 July 2019). "toki! After a week of voting, I present to you **the winners of the *“New sitelen pona glyph contest”.***". Facebook. Archived from the original on 9 August 2023. Retrieved 28 November 2023.
  8. jan Same. (16 October 2016). "Sitelen pona glyphs for new and apocryphal words". Toki Pona Forums. Retrieved 24 December 2023.

Further reading[edit | edit source]