ki

From sona pona, the Toki Pona wiki
Caution: The subject of this article is nonstandard and will not be understood by most speakers.
It is recommended to familiarize yourself with the standard style, and to be informed and selective about which nonstandard styles you adopt.

ki in sitelen pona
Pronunciation /ki/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Obscure (2% → )Caution: Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (2%)
Book and era No book (post-pu)
Part of speech Particle

ki is an obscure post-pu particle that marks a relative clause. It is highly nonstandard due to its implications for Toki Pona grammar, making sentences much more complex.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word ki is derived from French qui, meaning "who". It was coined by akesi kon Nalasuni and jan Atenaja in 2020.

Function[edit | edit source]

Under construction This section needs work:
  • Can you drop the subject of the relative clause? If so, then as an alternative, describe how A ki B li C expresses roughly the same thing as A li B li C, or at least A li B la ona li C.
  • What is its priority relative to other particles?
    • In A ki B li C li D li E, how many of the li belong to the ki clause? The clause B li C must be, at least, because just the phrase ki B would be pi B, but is there any rule for the rest, such as the second or final li ending the ki clause? Or is this just guessed, or supposed to be marked only with prosody or punctuation? Or can li not be used within ki after all, forcing the subject to be dropped as above?
    • Likewise with A li B ki C e D e E, which e ends the ki clause? Or can ki not be used in this position? Or is it unclear?
If you know about this topic, you can help us by editing it. (See all)

Alternatives[edit | edit source]

In standard Toki Pona, ni ("that") can be used to refer to the upcoming sentence, causing it to function similarly to a relative clause.

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for ki (ki) is derived from that of pi and functions the same way, but the left side is in the shape of a left-facing angle bracket, resembling a flipped li (li) connected to the low line. It was designed by nimi Elemenopi in January 2021.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. nimi Elemenopi [u/ElemenopiTheSequel]. (29 January 2021). "Updated 1b glyphs". r/OffThePu. Reddit. Retrieved 28 December 2023. "[Key: black] = original, made by me".

Further reading[edit | edit source]