Nonstandard color words

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Caution: The subject of this article is nonstandard and will not be understood by most speakers.
It is recommended to familiarize yourself with the standard style, and to be informed and selective about which nonstandard styles you adopt.

This is a list of nonstandard color words.

Rare nonstandard color words by jan Sonja[edit | edit source]

kapesi[edit | edit source]

kapesi in sitelen pona
kapesi in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈka.pe.si/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Rare (19% ↗︎ )Caution: Most speakers don't use this word.2022: Rare (14%)
Book and era nimi ku lili (pre-pu)
Part of speech Content word

kapesi is a rare, pre-pu nimi ku lili for brown and gray.[1] It is derived from either Cantonese 咖啡色 (gaa3 fe1 sik1) or Mandarin 咖啡色 (kāfēisè), meaning "brown" (literally, "coffee color"). It was found in the original dictionary of the language from March 2002,[2] but had been removed from the word list by June of the same year.[3]

jan li wile pali e ni2   kili-lili kapesi li pana ala e kon ike.

jan li wile pali e ni: kili lili kapesi li pana ala e kon ike.[4]

People want to cause this: small brown fruits (beans) don't give bad gas.

In practice, kapesi is more commonly used for browns than grays, because browns are usually hard to describe with pu words, while grays can easily be described as pimeja walo ("light black") or walo pimeja ("dark white"). One possible alternative to kapesi is kule ma ("earth color").

One time, at a tenpo kulupu, jan Sonja heard pipi Kewapi aptly describe kapesi as unsaturated.

unu[edit | edit source]

unu in sitelen pona
Pronunciation /ˈu.nu/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Rare (16% ↗︎ )Caution: Most speakers don't use this word.2022: Rare (12%)
Book and era nimi ku lili (post-pu)
Part of speech Content word

unu is a a rare, post-pu nimi ku lili for purple and purple–adjacent colors, including violets, and sometimes magentas and indigos.[5] It was coined by jan Sonja in 2020 and is derived from Indonesian ungu.[6] Possible alternatives to unu include loje laso and laso loje.

Obscure nonstandard color words by other creators[edit | edit source]

nalanja[edit | edit source]

Pronunciation /ˈna.lan.ja/ 🔊/j/ sounds like English Y, as in "fjord" or "hallelujah".
Usage 2023: Obscure (3% ↗︎ )Caution: Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (1%)
Book and era No book (post-ku)
Part of speech Content word

nalanja is an obscure word and nimi sin for orange and similar colors. It was derived from Spanish naranja, meaning "orange". Similar words include analanjato, jole, and lejo. Possible alternatives to nalanja include jelo loje and loje jelo.

There are several sitelen pona glyph for nalanja. The main glyph (nalanja) is composed of glyph for kili above the color triangle radical. Other variations include the following glyphs:

In an article for lipu tenpo nanpa sewi, kapesi Pake advocated for the glyph composed of glyph for kili and the color radical.

peta[edit | edit source]

peta in sitelen pona
peta in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈpe.ta/ 🔊
Usage 2023: Obscure (2% ↗︎ )Caution: Most speakers don't understand this word.2022: Obscure (1%)
Book and era No book (post-pu)
Part of speech Content word

peta is an obscure word and nimi sin for green and green–adjacent colors, differentiating them from laso ("blue~green"), as well as meanings related to verdancy, liveliness, and eco-friendliness.[7] It was coined by kili Tesa in 2019, and is derived from Esperanto verda, meaning "green".

ukakelo system[edit | edit source]

Caution: The subject of this section is an experimental or hypothetical style that is not understood by most speakers, or is used only in specific small communities. Learners should avoid using it.
Pronunciation /ˈu.ka/
Usage 2023: N/A
Book and era No book
Part of speech Content word
Pronunciation /ˈke.lo/
Usage 2023: N/A
Book and era No book
Part of speech Content word

The ukakelo system is an experimental alternative color system, notably included in the ... usefulquotes document. In the words of soweli Kina, the goal "was mostly to expand the semantic range of 2 colors to match deuteranopic vision",[citation needed] treating this as the default.

uka covers the red~green range, and is derived from the words uta and kasi. kelo covers the blue~purple range, and is derived from the words kule and telo.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 242.
  2. Sonja Lang. (2 March 2001). "Toki Pona Word List". jan Pije's site. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007.
  3. Sonja Lang. (1 June 2002). "Toki Pona Word List". tokipona.org. Archived from the original on 7 June 2002.
  4. Sonja Lang. (24 May 2002). "seme li sin lon ma?". Toki Pona Forums. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  5. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 382.
  6. jan Sonja [@sonjalang]. (23 December 2020). [Message posted in the #toki-pona channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord. "ken la nimi sin li unu tan nimi ungu pi toki Intonesija".
  7. kili Tesa [@jezzzzzzzzzz]. (9 November 2019). [Message posted in the #pana-sona channel in the ma pona pi toki pona Discord server]. Discord.