From sona pona, the English–Toki Pona wiki
(Redirected from synonyms)

Synonyms are words with the same meaning. They are the opposite of antonyms.

"Synonyms" in pu[edit | edit source]

The book Toki Pona: The Language of Good lists three words—kin, oko, and namako—as "synonyms" of the a, lukin, and sin, respectively. These "synonyms" are generally not counted among the 120 nimi pu.

Word Definition in practice "Synonym" Merged definition
kin also a emotion particle, emphasis marker
namako spice, extra sin new, extra
oko eye lukin see, eye, (pre-verb) try

Those words have been in use before and since the publication of pu, but with different meanings from their supposed relatives. Calling them "synonyms" was a deliberate attempt to merge them.[1] ku acknowledges that the words have retained their separate meanings among those who use them.

The merger of these words was mostly successful with lukin/oko, and mostly unsuccessful with sin/namako and a/kin. However, kin's original role as an emphasis marker moved completely to a, which was previously only a sentence-final particle to indicate emotion.[2] Here is an overview of how meanings changed over time:

Word Pre-pu usage Usage in pu Post-pu usage
a emotion particle emotion particle, emphasis marker emotion particle, emphasis marker
kin also, (uncommon: emphasis marker) also
sin new, another, more new, another, more, extra, additional new, another, more
namako spice, embellishment, extra, additional spice, embellishment, extra, additional
lukin see, look, visual see, look, visual, eye, try see, look, visual, eye, try
oko eye eye, (uncommon: see, look)

ali[edit | edit source]

ali is generally considered a pronunciation variant of ale, rather than a separate word.

nimi sin[edit | edit source]

There are some nimi sin coined at different times, which happen to coincide in meaning:

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. The words aka and eki are considered deprecated and synonymous of the main word natu.

References[edit | edit source]

English Wikipedia has an article on
  1. Messages from jan Sonja in ma pona pi toki pona: kin, namako, oko.
  2. The 2007 definitions in Classic Word List define a as an "emotion word" and kin as a word that "emphasizes the word(s) before it".