nena

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nena in sitelen pona
nena in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈne.na/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (99% ↗︎ )
2022: Core (97%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Content word
Codepoint 󱥀 U+F1940

nena is a core content word relating to bumps.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word nena is derived from Finnish nenä, meaning "nose".[1]

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of nena includes bumps and protrusions, something that extends fromabove or beyond a surface. As a modifier, it means "bumpy" or "convex".

In relation to the face, the word nena most commonly refers to the nose. As a verb, it relates to interacting with the nose. Some examples include smelling, sniffing, touching with the nose, and giving an Eskimo kiss. Note that nena includes all bumps on the face, as well as the head, such as pimples, the chin, and ears.

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines nena as:

NOUN  bump, button, hill, mountain, nose, protuberance

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as nena:[2]

hill4, nose3, ridge2, button2, peak2, mountain2, pile2, breast1, mount1, fold1

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for nena (󱥀) represents a bump sticking out and is the mirror image of lupa. It is drawn normally taller to avoid confusion with pona and ike.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. Lang, Sonja (2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 302.

Further reading[edit | edit source]