wile

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wile in sitelen pona
wile in sitelen sitelen
Pronunciation /ˈwi.le/ 🔊 🔊
Usage 2023: Core (100% → )2022: Core (100%)
Book and era nimi pu
Part of speech Preverb, content word
Codepoint 󱥷 U+F1977

wile is a core content word and preverb relating to desire and necessity.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The word wile is derived from Dutch willen, meaning "to want, to desire".[1] It is cognate with English will, with the sense "to wish, to desire, to long", as in at will, willful, and willpower, not the future tense. Cognates with other languages include German wollen, Danish and Norwegian Bokmål ville, Swedish and Norwegian Nynorsk vilja, French vouloir, and Italian volere.

Semantic space[edit | edit source]

The semantic space of wile includes desire and necessity. It should be compared to o, which expresses exhortation or obligation.[citation needed]

Content word[edit | edit source]

As a content word, wile refers to wanting or needing something. Toki Pona encourages the speaker to re-examine the difference between their wants and needs and emphasizes the action taken to fulfill them over their origin or nature.[2][3]

nasin pi(toki-pona) la ijo pi(wile suli ala) o weka

nasin pi toki pona la, ijo pi wile suli ala o weka.[4]

In the way of Toki Pona, things that aren't absolutely necessary should be removed. (lit. not-importantly-needed things)

mi wile e ni: jan [moku esun lukin awen noka insa] li kama tawa tomo mi

mi wile e ni: jan Melani li kama tawa tomo mi.

I want the following: Mélanie will come to my home.
I want Mélanie to visit me.[5]

According to lipamanka, wile is not meant to merge wants with needs, but to discard the concept and connotations of a need. Their dictionary gives the example "my body wants food, but I don't want to eat",[3] which could be translated:

sijelo mi li wile e moku   taso mi wile ala moku

sijelo mi li wile e moku. taso mi wile ala moku.

Preverb[edit | edit source]

As a preverb, wile indicates that the subject wants or needs to be or do the predicate.

mama o mi wile tawa li wile toki 

mama o, mi wile tawa li wile toki.[6]

Mamma, I want to go! I want to talk! (alt: I need to go! I need to talk!)

pu[edit | edit source]

In the "Official Toki Pona Dictionary" section, the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good defines wile as:

PRE-VERB  must, need, require, should, want, wish

ku[edit | edit source]

For Toki Pona Dictionary, respondents in ma pona pi toki pona translated these English words as wile:[7]

want5, wish5, intend5, require5, need5, desire5, intention5, willing5, will5, intent4, preference4, motivation4, necessity4, ought4, yearn4, necessary4, willingness4, ambition4, hope4, prefer4, requirement4, required4, must3, obligation3, decision3, should3, demand3, eager3, request3, agenda3, goal2, would2, select2, motive2, interested2, criteria2, dare2, opt2, choose2, consent2, expectation2, shall2, urge2, determination2, pick2, objective2, depend2, elect2, dependent2, deserve2, selection2, incentive2, strive2, choice2, supposed2, interest2, enthusiasm2

sitelen pona[edit | edit source]

The sitelen pona glyph for wile (󱥷) is derived from the Latin letter W, as in the first letter of the word, normally drawn with the bottom half rounded down. There is an alternative glyph where the ends of the glyph are connected and form an upside-down heart, a mirror image of pilin.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Word Origins. Archived from the original on 2 November 2019. Toki Pona.
  2. Jean-Marc Quéré (2021). sona li wan., p. 19-20.
  3. 3.0 3.1 lipamanka. "toki pona dictionary". lipamanka.gay. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  4. jan Kita. (21 September 2021). "nasin nanpa mute li lon". lipu kule. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  5. Lang, Sonja. (25 May 2014). Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292300. OCLC 921253340. p. 58.
  6. jan Atelin. (6 August 2022). "waso Mumu li mu ala". utala musi pi ma pona. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  7. Lang, Sonja. (18 July 2021). Toki Pona Dictionary. Illustrated by Vacon Sartirani. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292362. p. 389.

Further reading[edit | edit source]