In Toki Pona grammar, a particle is a word with no semantic meaning that marks the grammatical structure of a sentence. Particles are crucial to forming understandable sentences. li, e, o, and la are taught in that order in Toki Pona: The Language of Good and many other resources.
Particles can be one of the main challenges of adapting from English to Toki Pona grammar. However, the concept is not unique to Toki Pona; many natural languages have grammatical particles.
pu[edit | edit source]
These nimi pu are particles:
Sentence-structuring[edit | edit source]
|A direct object
|A context phrase or clause
|The main clause
|The predicate of a command or hope
|A multi-word modifier phrase
Other[edit | edit source]
Nonstandard[edit | edit source]
These nimi sin are particles:
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Some speakers treat this particle as a content word.
- pu defines this as a particle, but also uses it as a content word.