Place and language names

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This is a list of tokiponized place and language names. In the sections "Place Names" and "Language Names", the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good includes many suggestions for these. However, when a community has chosen another name for itself, it is encouraged to use that name instead.

Place names[edit | edit source]

Original text related to this article:

Continents[edit | edit source]

The book Toki Pona: The Language of Good includes suggestions for six continents.

It makes a distinction between the Americas as a continent (ma Amelika), derived from Romance languages, compared with the name of the United States (ma Mewika), often simply called "America". The latter has the characteric English rhotic transcribed as /w/.

Names from smaller subcontinents are not specified, however, the words lete and seli are often used for "north" and "south", as in ma Amelika lete ("North America").[1]

Place Tokiponized name[2]
Americas ma Amelika
Antarctica ma Antasika
Africa ma Apika
Asia ma Asija
Europe ma Elopa
Oceania ma Osejanija

Countries[edit | edit source]

The original book gives recommended names for several countries and autonomous regions. Non-sovereign entities and unrecognized states are marked in italics.

Country Endonym ISO code Name in pu[3] Chosen name
Flag of Armenia Armenia Հայաստան (Hayastan) AM ma Aja
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan Afġānistān
افغانستان
AF ma Akanisan
Flag of Ireland Ireland

Ireland (English)
Éire (Irish)

IE ma Alan
Flag of Argentina Argentina Argentina AR ma Alensina
Flag of Angola Angola

Angola (Portuguese)
Ngola (Kongo)

AO ma Ankola
Flag of South Korea South Korea 한국 / 韓國 (Hanguk) KR ma Anku
Flag of Andorra Andorra Andorra AN ma Antola
Flag of Haiti Haiti

Haïti (French)
Ayiti (Haitian Creole)

HT ma Awisi
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador Ecuador EC ma Ekato
Flag of Greece Greece Ελλάδα (Ellada) GR ma Elena ma Elina[citation needed]
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea

ኤርትራ (Ertra) (Tigrinya)
إرتريا (Iritriya) (Arabic)

ER ma Eliteja
Flag of Spain Spain

España (Spanish)
Espanya (Catalan)
Espainia (Basque)
España (Galician)
Espanha

ES ma Epanja
Flag of Austria Austria Österreich AT ma Esalasi
Flag of Estonia Estonia Eesti EE ma Esi
Flag of Basque Country Basque Country

Euskal Herria (Basque)
País Vasco (Spanish)
Pays Basque (French)

ma Esuka
Flag of England England ma Inli
Flag of Iraq Iraq

العراق (Al-'Iraq) (Arabic)
Êraq (Kurdish)

IQ ma Ilakija
Flag of Iran Iran ایران (Īrān) IR ma Ilan
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia ID ma Intonesija
Flag of Israel Israel ישראל (Yīsrāʾēl)

إسرائيل (ʾIsrāʾīl)

IL ma Isale
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia ኢትዮጵያ (Ītyōṗṗyā) ET ma Isijopija
Flag of Iceland Iceland Ísland IS ma Isilan
Flag of Italy Italy Italia IT ma Italija
Flag of Yemen Yemen اليمن (Al-Yaman) YE ma Jamanija
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom

United Kingdom
Y Deyrnas Unedig
Unitit Kinrick
Rìoghachd Aonaichte
Ríocht Aontaithe
An Rywvaneth Unys

GB ma Juke
Flag of Greenland Greenland

Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenlandic)
Grønland (Danish)

GL ma Kalalinuna
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon Cameroun (French)
Cameroon (English)
CM ma Kamelun
Flag of Ghana Ghana

Ghana (English)
Gaana (Akan)
Gana (Ewe)
Gana (Twi)

GH ma Kana
Flag of Canada Canada Canada CA ma Kanata
Flag of Gambia Gambia The Gambia GM ma Kanpija
Flag of Cambodia Cambodia កម្ពុជា (Kămpŭchéa) KH ma Kanpusi
Flag of France France France FR ma Kanse
Flag of Gabon Gabon Gabon GA ma Kapon
Flag of Catalonia Catalonia ma Katala
Flag of Georgia Georgia საქართველო (Sak'art'velo) GE ma Katelo
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala GT ma Katemala
Flag of Grenada Grenada Grenada GD ma Kenata
Flag of Kenya Kenya Kenya KE ma Kenja
Flag of Kiribati Kiribati Kiribati KI ma Kilipasi
Flag of Guinea Guinea Guinée (French)
ߖߌ߬ߣߍ߫ (Gine) (N'Ko)
𞤘𞤭𞤲𞤫 (Gine) (Pular)
GN ma Kine
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish)
Guinée équatoriale (French)
Guiné Equatorial (Portuguese)
GQ ma Kinejekatolija
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Guiné-Bissau GW ma Kinepisa
Flag of Wales Wales Cymru (Welsh)
Wales (English)
ma Kinla
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus

Κύπρος (Kypros) (Greek)
Kıbrıs (Turkish)

TR ma Kiposi
Flag of Comoros Comoros Comores (French)
Komori (Shikomori)
جزر القمر (Juzur al-Qamar) (Arabic)
KM ma Komo
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo République démocratique du Congo CG ma Konko ma Konko pi ma tomo Kinsasa[citation needed]
Flag of Congo Congo République du Congo
Repubilika ya Kôngo
Republíki ya Kongó
CG ma Konko ma Konko pi ma tomo Pasawi[citation needed]
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rica CR ma Kosalika
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire CI ma Kosiwa
Flag of Kurdistan Kurdistan کوردستان ma Kuli
Flag of Gujarat Gujarat ma Kusala
Flag of Cuba Cuba Cuba CU ma Kupa
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait الكويت (Al-Kuwayt) KW ma Kuwasi
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka

ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (Sri Lankā) (Sinhala)
இலங்கை (Ilaṅkai) (Tamil)

LK ma Lanka
Flag of Liberia Liberia Liberia LR ma Lapewija
Flag of Latvia Latvia Latvija LV ma Lawi
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho Lesotho LS ma Lesoto
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania Lietuva LT ma Lijatuwa
Flag of Libya Libya

ليبيا (Lībiyā) (Arabic)
ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ (Libya) (Berber)

LY ma Lipija
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Liechtenstein LI ma Lisensan
Flag of Romania Romania România RO ma Lomani
Flag of Russia Russia Россия (Rossiya) RU ma Losi ma Losi,[citation needed]
ma Lusi[citation needed]
Flag of Croatia Croatia Hrvatska HR ma Lowasi
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia Slovensko SK ma Lowenki
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia Slovenija SL ma Lowensina
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon

لبنان (Lubnān) (Arabic)
Liban (French)

LB ma Lunpan
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg

Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish)
Luxemburg (German)
Luxembourg (French)

LU ma Lusepu
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda

Rwanda Rwanda

RW ma Luwanta
Flag of Macedonia North Macedonia Македонија (Makedonija) MK ma Maketonija
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar

Madagasikara (Malagasy)
Madagascar (French)

MG ma Malakasi
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia Malaysia MY ma Malasija ma Malasija,[citation needed]
ma Malesija[citation needed]
Flag of Malawi Malawi

Malawi (English)
Malaŵi (Chewa)

MW ma Malawi
Flag of Mali Mali Mali ML ma Mali
Flag of Morocco Morocco

المغرب (Al-maḡrib) (Arabic)
ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Lmɣrib) (Berber)

MA ma Malipe
Flag of Egypt Egypt مصر (Maṣr) EG ma Masu
Flag of Mexico Mexico

México (Spanish)
Mēxihco (Nahuatl)

MX ma Mesiko ma Mesiko,[citation needed]
ma Mekiko[citation needed]
Flag of United States United States America,
USA
US ma Mewika ma Mewika,[citation needed]
ma Juwese[citation needed]
Flag of Myanmar Myanmar မြန်မာ (Myanma) MM ma Mijama
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique Moçambique MZ ma Mosanpi
Flag of Hungary Hungary Magyarország HU ma Mosijo
Flag of Moldova Moldova Moldova MD ma Motowa
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius

Mauritius (English)
Maurice (French)
Moris (Mauritian Creole)

MU ma Mowisi
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania موريتانيا (Mūrītānyā) MR ma Mulitanija
Flag of Namibia Namibia Namibia NA ma Namipija
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria

Nigeria (English)
Nijeriya (Hausa)
Naìjíríyà (Igbo)
Nàìjíríà (Yoruba)

NG ma Naselija
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands Nederland
Nederlân
NL ma Netelan
Flag of Japan Japan 日本 (Nihon) JP ma Nijon ma Nijon,
(ma Nipon)[4]
Flag of Niger Niger Niger NE ma Nise
Flag of Norway Norway

Norge (Norwegian Bokmål)
Noreg (Norwegian Nynorsk)

NO ma Nosiki
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand

New Zealand (English)
Aotearoa (Maori)

NZ ma Nusilan ma Nusilan,[citation needed]
ma Otejalowa[citation needed]
Flag of Honduras Honduras Honduras HN ma Ontula
Flag of Australia Australia Australia AU ma Oselija
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan
Pākistān
پاکستان
PK ma Pakisan
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay

Paraguay (Spanish)
Paraguái (Guarani)

PY ma Palakawi
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain البحرين (Al-Baḥrayn) BH ma Palani
Flag of India India

ভাৰত (Bhārôt) (Assamese)
ভারত (Bhārôt) (Bengali)
India (English)
ભારત (Bhārat) (Gujarati)
भारत (Bhārat) (Hindi)
ಭಾರತ (Bhārata) (Kannada)
भारत (Bhārat) (Konkani)
ഭാരതം (Bhāratam) (Malayalam)
भारत (Bhārat) (Nepali)
ଭାରତ (Bhārata) (Oriya)
ਭਾਰਤ (Bhārat) (Punjabi)
भारतम् (Bhāratam) (Sanskrit)
பாரதம் (Bāratam) (Tamil)
భారతదేశం (Bhāratadēśam) (Telugu)

IN ma Palata
Flag of Panama Panama Panamá PA ma Panama
Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh বাংলাদেশ (Bānglādesh) BD ma Panla
Flag of Barbados Barbados Barbados BB ma Papeto
Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
Papua Niugini
Papua Niu Gini
PG ma Papuwanijukini
Flag of Brazil Brazil Brasil BR ma Pasila ma Pasiju[citation needed]
Flag of Bahamas Bahamas The Bahamas BS ma Pawama
Flag of Belarus Belarus

Беларусь (Bielaruś) (Belarussian)
Беларусь (Belarus') (Russian)

BY ma Pelalusi
Flag of Peru Peru

Perú (Spanish)
Piruw (Quechua)

PE ma Pelu
Flag of Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda BM ma Pemuta
Flag of Benin Benin Bénin BJ ma Penen
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela VE ma Penesuwela
Flag of Belgium Belgium

België (Dutch)
Belgique (French)
Belgien (German)

BE ma Pesije
Flag of Brittany Brittany ma Peson
Flag of Philippines Philippines

Pilipinas Philippines

PH ma Pilipina
Flag of Palestine Palestine فلسطين (Filasṭīn) PS ma Pilisin
Flag of Fiji Fiji

Fiji (English)
Viti (Fijian)
फ़िजी (Fiji Hindi)

FJ ma Pisi
Flag of Tibet Tibet བོད (Böd) ma Po
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria България (Bŭlgariya) BG ma Pokasi
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzogovina BA ma Posan
Flag of Poland Poland Polska PL ma Posuka ma Posuka,[citation needed]
ma Posuki[citation needed]
Flag of Botswana Botswana Botswana BW ma Posuwana
Flag of Portugal Portugal Portugal PT ma Potuke
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Burkina Faso BF ma Pukinapaso
Flag of San Marino San Marino San Marino SM ma Samalino
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica Jamaica JM ma Sameka
Flag of Zambia Zambia Zambia ZM ma Sanpija
Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic

Centrafrique (French)
Bêafrîka (Sango)

CF ma Santapiken
Flag of Algeria Algeria

الجزائر (Al-Jazā'ir) (Arabic)
ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ (Dzayer) (Tamazight)

DZ ma Sasali
Flag of Chad Chad

Tchad
تشاد (Tšād)

TD ma Sate
Flag of Swaziland Eswatini

Eswatini (English)
eSwatini (Swazi)

SZ ma Sawasi
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia السعودية (As-Suʿūdīyah) SA ma Sawusi[a] ma Sajusi[citation needed]
Flag of Samoa Samoa

Samoa (English)
Sāmoa (Samoan)

WS ma Samowa
Flag of Czech Republic Czechia Česko CZ ma Seki
Flag of Senegal Senegal

Sénégal (French)
Senegaal (Wolof)

SN ma Seneka
Flag of South Africa South Africa

Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans)
South Africa (English)
iSewula Afrika (Ndebele)
Afrika-Borwa (Pedi)
Afrika Borwa (Sotho)
iNingizimu Afrika (Swazi)
Afrika Dzonga (Tsonga)
Aforika Borwa (Tswana)
Afurika Tshipembe (Venda)
uMzantsi Afrika (Xhosa)
iNingizimu Afrika (Zulu)

ZA ma Setapika
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Sierra Leone SL ma Sijelalijon
Flag of Chile Chile Chile CL ma Sile
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago TT ma Sinita
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe ZW ma Sinpapuwe
Flag of Albania Albania Shqipëria AL ma Sipe
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti

جيبوتي (Jībūtī)
Djibouti
Jabuuti (Somali)
Gabuuti (Afar)

DJ ma Sipusi
Flag of Somalia Somalia

Soomaaliya (Somali)
الصومال (Aṣ-Ṣūmāl) (Arabic)

SO ma Somalija
Flag of China China 中国 (Zhōngguó) CN ma Sonko
Flag of Serbia Serbia Србија (Srbija) RS ma Sopisi
Flag of Scotland Scotland

Scotland (English)
Alba (Scottish Gaelic)

ma Sukosi
Flag of Syria Syria Suriyah
سورية
SY ma Sulija
Flag of Finland Finland

Suomi (Finnish)
Finland (Swedish)

FI ma Sumi
Flag of Sudan Sudan السودان (As-Sudan) SD ma Sutan
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland

Schweiz (German)
Suisse (French)
Svizzera (Italian)
Svizra (Romansh)

CH ma Suwasi
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania TZ ma Tansanija
Flag of Denmark Denmark Danmark DK ma Tansi
Flag of Thailand Thailand ประเทศไทย (Prathet Thai) TH ma Tawi
Flag of Togo Togo

Togo (French)
Togo (Ewe)
Togo (Kabye)

TG ma Toko
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic República Dominicana DO ma Tominika
Flag of Tonga Tonga Tonga TO ma Tona
Flag of Germany Germany Deutschland DE ma Tosi
Flag of Turkey Turkey Türkiye TR ma Tuki
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia تونس (Tūns) TN ma Tunisi
Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu Tuvalu TV ma Tuwalu
Flag of Uganda Uganda Uganda UG ma Ukanta
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine Україна (Ukrajina) UA ma Ukawina
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay UY ma Ulukawi ma Uluwa [citation needed]
Flag of Oman Oman عُمان (‘Umān) OM ma Uman
Flag of Jordan Jordan الأردن (Al-’Urdun) JO ma Utun
Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu Vanuatu VU ma Wanuwatu
Flag of Vatican Vatican City

Città del Vaticano (Italian)
Civitas Vaticana (Latin)

VA ma Wasikano
Flag of Sweden Sweden Sverige SE ma Wensa ma Sensa[citation needed]
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam Việt Nam VN ma Wije
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Azərbaycan AZ ma Asepasan[citation needed]
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Қазақстан (Qazaqstan) KZ ma Kasatan[citation needed]
Flag of Kosovo Kosovo Kosova (Albanian)
Косово (Kosovo) (Serbian)
XK ma Kosowa[citation needed]
Flag of Malta Malta Malta MT ma Mata[citation needed]
Flag of Monaco Monaco Monaco MC ma Monako[citation needed]
Flag of Montenegro Montenegro Crna Gora / Црна Гора ME ma Sinakola[citation needed]
Flag of North Korea North Korea 조선 Chosŏn KP ma Soson[citation needed]
Flag of Taiwan Taiwan 臺灣 / 台灣 (Táiwān) TW ma Tawan[citation needed]

Language names[edit | edit source]

Original text related to this article:

Spokes languages[edit | edit source]

Language Tokiponized name
Exonym Endonym ISO
639-3
pu[5] Chosen
Arabic اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُ ara toki Alapi
Afrikaans Afrikaans afr toki Apikan
Hausa هَرْشَن هَوْسَ hau toki Awasa
Haitian Creole kreyòl ayisyen hat toki Awisi
Greek ελληνικά ell toki Elena toki Elina
Spanish español,
castellano
spa toki Epanja
Estonian eesti keel est toki Esi
Basque euskara eus toki Esuka
English English eng toki Inli
Hindi हिन्दी hin toki Insi
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia ind toki Intonesija
Inuit languages toki Inu
Igbo Ásụ̀sụ́ Ìgbò ibo toki Ipo
Icelandic íslenska isl toki Isilan
Italian italiano ita toki Italija
Hebrew עִבְרִית heb toki Iwisi
Yoruba Èdè Yorùbá,
عِدعِ يوْرُبا
yor toki Jolupa
Scottish Gaelic Gàidhlig gla toki Kalike
French français fra toki Kanse
Cantonese 廣東話,
广东话
yue toki Kantun
Welsh Cymraeg cym toki Kinla
Latin lingua Latīna lat toki Lasina
Romanian limba română,
лимба ромынэ
ron toki Lomani
Russian русский язык rus toki Losi toki Losi,
toki Lusi
Croatian hrvatski hrv toki Lowasi
Hungarian magyar nyelv hun toki Mosijo
Dutch Nederlands nld toki Netelan
Japanese ()(ほん)() jpn toki Nijon toki Nijon,
(toki Nipon)[4]
Norwegian (Bokmål) bokmål nob toki Nosiki
Norwegian Nynorsk nynorsk nno toki Nosiki sin
Bengali বাংলা ben toki Panla
Breton brezhoneg bre toki Peson
Bulgarian български език bul toki Pokasi
Bosnian bosanski,
босански
bos toki Posan
Portuguese português por toki Potuke
Jamaican Patois Patwa,
Jamiekan Kriyuol,
Jumiekan Kryuol,
Jumieka Taak,
Jumiekan languij
jam toki Sameka
Czech čeština ces toki Seki
Tsez цезйас мец ddo toki Sesi
Albanian shqipja sqi toki Sikipe
Chinese 中文,
汉语,
漢語
zho toki Sonko
Serbian српски језик,
srpski jezik
srp toki Sopisi
Finnish suomi fin toki Sumi
Danish dansk dan toki Tansi
Tok Pisin Tok Pisin tpi toki Topisin
German Deutsch deu toki Tosi

Sign languages[edit | edit source]

Language Tokiponized name
Exonym Endonym ISO
639-3
pu[5] Chosen
French Sign Language fsl toki luka Kanse
Quebec Sign Language fcs toki luka Kepeka
American Sign Language ase toki luka Mewika
Australian Sign Language asf toki luka Oselija
British Sign Language bfi toki luka Piten
Chinese Sign Language csl toki luka Sonko
German Sign Language gsg toki luka Tosi
Manually Coded English toki Inli luka

Constructed languages[edit | edit source]

Language Tokiponized name
Exonym Endonym ISO
639-3
pu[5] Chosen
Afrihili Ɛl-Afrihili afh toki Apiwili
Esperanto Esperanto epo toki Epelanto
Basic English Basic English toki Inli pona
Lingua Ignota toki Inota
Interlingua interlingua ina toki Intelinwa
Ido Ido ido toki Ito
Quenya Eldarin qya toki Kuwenja
Láadan Láadan ldn toki Latan
Lojban la .lojban. jbo toki Losupan
Mänti Mänti toki Mansi
Na'vi Lìʼfya leNaʼvi toki Nawi
Volapük Volapük,
Volapꞟk
vol toki Olapi
Baôleybelen toki Palepelen
Fyksian toki Pasiki
Toki Pona toki pona tok toki pona
Seren toki Selen
Semitish toki Semisi
Klingon tlhIngan Hol tlh toki Sinan
Sindarin sjn toki Sintalin
Unker Non-Linear Writing System toki sitelen Anlasi
Blissymbols (Blissymbol) zbl toki sitelen Pisinpo
Solresol Solresol toki Soleso
Somish toki Soma
Traumae toki Tolome
Dothraki Lekh Dothraki toki Tosulaki

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. The syllable wu violates Toki Pona's phonotactics.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. John E. Clifford. (29 March 2007). "Re: A few questions". Toki Pona Forums. Retrieved 27 November 2023.
  2. Lang, Sonja. (25 May 2014). Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292300. OCLC 921253340. p. 112.
  3. Lang, Sonja. (25 May 2014). Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292300. OCLC 921253340. pp. 112–119.
  4. 4.0 4.1 kije Enki [@mikijeenki]. (27 January 2024). [Poll posted in the #アンケート channel in the ぽなぽなジャパン Discord server]. Discord. Retrieved 8 April 2024.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Lang, Sonja. (25 May 2014). Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Tawhid. ISBN 978-0978292300. OCLC 921253340. pp. 120–123.